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Finance & Accounting Essay

The culpability of accountants facilitating tax avoidance and tax evasion by multi-national companies through transfer price accounting
Tax evasion is an illegal and highly unethical practice that is commonly used by corporations and wealthy individuals that denies state governments huge sums of money considering the fact that taxes are the main sources of revenues for most governments (Braithwaite 51). This ultimately leads to hampering of government development activities. Tax evasion and avoidance are facilitated by a number of factors though the type of tax systems applied by many countries is viewed to be among the root
Pages: 5 (1250 words), Essay
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SIM and statistical arbitrage
Yahoo Finance is adjustedfordividendsandstocksplitsusingappropriatesplitanddividend multipliers according to thestandard asset by the Centre for Research in Security Prices (Yahoo Finance, 2013). Thesplit multipliers are determined by thesplitratiosuchthat in a 2 for 1 split, the pre-split data will be multiplied by 0.Whilethedividend multipliers are calculatedaccording to thedividend as a percentage of theprice of thestocks.For further analysis Monthly Yields for bank-accepted-bills are
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River island in Newbury
It is quite low thus it can be said that the company is not efficient enough during the period of 2008-2012 in earning profit before interest and tax. From the cash conversion cycle it can be said that the company was efficient in converting the resource inputs into cash from 2006-2009 but after that as the cash conversion cycle went negative thus it can be said the company was not efficient enough to manage its working capital.From the above study it can be seen that the gross profit margin
Pages: 5 (1250 words), Essay
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Auditing firm rotation and enhancing independence
It is also a fact that, mandatory rotation is justified since lengthy stay of a particular auditor in a company may result into strong loyalty and emotional relationship with the client up to a point where by the auditor’s independency may be threatened. It is therefore recommended that, to maintain the public confidence that has always existed in auditors, and to protect auditors’ professionalism, and objectivity that is required of the auditors, it is a better idea to enforce mandatory
Pages: 7 (1750 words), Essay
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Accounting assignment
The company’s sales are increasing at a stable rate however the increase in cost of sales causes the gross profit to decrease. Gross profit increases in the year 2012 but decreases in the year 2013. In the year 2012 net sales increased by (156508-108249)/108249= 44. In the year 2013 it increased by (170910-156508)/156508= 9.The company reports both investments in short term and long term marketable securities. These marketable securities are carried ate their fair value and its unrealized
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Essay
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Case Silver Inc
On the other hand, the lessee’s incremental borrowing rate is the rate of interest paid by the lessee to borrow an asset involved considered in the lease contract (IAS17- Leases n.Concerning the junior accountant’s analysis, his analysis is not correct for the following reasons: first, since the useful life of the leased equipment is four years and the lease is for three years, the lease contract runs for a greater part of the equipment useful period thus the contract should be classified
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Essay
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Paraphrase the paragraphs in the document
The CSRC determines the fixed offering price (online) by multiplying the company’s earnings per share by preset price earning ratio (P/E ratio). As a result, the Chinese IPOs receive little or no feedback because of the inflexibility of the method used for setting the offer price, which makes it difficult to respond to market changes (Su & Fleisher 1999).Critically assessing the features of the Chinese stock market, it is apparent that there are many factors interplaying to yield the Chinese
Pages: 5 (1250 words), Essay
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The impacts on the financial decision process of human elements
Nooraie (641) concurs with this assertion and goes on to denote that it is very possible to teach decision makers and policy formulators on these factors, and this knowledge will play a great role in helping them to make appropriate and good decisions, especially financial decisions. Nooraie (643) asserts that people and organizations normally make a variety of decisions, and these decisions might include medical decisions, political decisions, career decisions, as well as financial decisions
Pages: 10 (2500 words), Essay
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Case study as per the assesment
Negative and positive patterns in this type of ratio are habitually in a direct way associated with decisions of the management.Net Profit Margin- Although definitely a significant number, investors can easily see from a total profit margin breakdown that there are abundant operating and income expense. Operating items in an income statement authenticate a net profit margin (Gibson 2012, 09). It enhances investors to take an expansive glance at any companys profit margins in an organized
Pages: 13 (3250 words), Essay
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Fianical accounting and reporting
They are therefore interested in the firm’s profitability and stability. In addition, they are interested in the entity’s performance and financial position so that they can assess the possibility of career opportunities and entity expansion (Weygandt et al 2010, pg.They require information indicating that their loans will be serviced easily together with the interest when due. Potential lenders also require information that will help them make a decision as whether to lend to the firm and
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Essay
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Real Estate Case Study
This amounts to a total of $700000. This means that Bailey is likely to save up to $300000 from the renovation of the bathrooms. Similarly, the lobby will be renovated by the new buyer. The market price of renovating the lobby has been approximated at $200000. Due to Bailey’s experience in the real estate business, he is likely to save $50000 from renovating this lobby. These form part of the factors which have motivated Bailey to consider the purchase of the Pilgrim Building (Greenhood,
Pages: 12 (3000 words), Essay
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Toyotas Global Expansion
The company had primarily undertaken this decision to protect commercial returns from exchange rate issues. Though Toyota is a multinational organization, yet company’s financial information is reported in terms of the official currency of Japan, Yen. Over time, it is found that the currency value of Japan is evaluating or appreciating in the international market (Kitamura, 2011). This is because growth of the country’s manufacturing segment is higher than that of its service sector. Since
Pages: 12 (3000 words), Essay
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Islamic banking and Conventional bank
In Shariah rule, the debt can only be created through lease based financial schemes or by selling or leasing real assets such as buildings, property and other physical infrastructure. Moreover, under this law, the debt of one person cannot be transferred or sold to someone. In other words, Islamic banking opposes the very reason of financial crisis, which was selling of subprime mortgages in the form of collateral bonds by investments banks to investors. The principle of Shariah insists on
Pages: 5 (1250 words), Essay
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Intellectual Capital
The author demonstrates his scholarly ability to identify and outline relevant existing knowledge by capturing the history of Intellectual Capital by pointing out how it evolved. For instance, the author notes that the full value of companies needs to be reported by including intellectual properties or assets of the company. In the study’s background, the author explains, in detail, how numerous IC related reporting initiatives have been devised. The author demonstrates his ability to
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Essay
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Financial Statements Paper Part II
Zoning regulations prevent use of property in a certain manner. Zoning regulations mean conforming to local land and building regulations and conduct businesses conforming to local laws. Zoning regulations also imposes certain conditions such as providing adequate parking facilities, timing of operations for doing business activities. Thus, zoning ordinances may impact the business activities of the company’s store in that area if not fully complied with. In other words, the company may find
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Essay
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Managing Financial Resources in Health and Social Care
From the overview of various expenditures at CareTech PLC, as revealed from the financial highlights, it could be deduced that capital expenditures were only made based on available funds which were earmarked to venture into acquisitions and updating of the current portfolio. Since the amounts were relatively large covering about £44.5m which was made in 2013, these acquisitions could be evaluated in terms of undertaking costs and benefits analysis which took considerable amounts of time,
Pages: 12 (3000 words), Essay
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Academic review of a journal article
Authors review the elements of ESG (environmental, social and governance) and highlight its importance in the modern business environment through the literature review. Finance managers tend to make their decisions based on environmental and social aspects rather than solely on financial data.Authors have designed a methodology that enabled them to resolve the questions set at the beginning of the paper. As the initial step that would provide information for further investigation, authors of
Pages: 5 (1250 words), Essay
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International Issues in Audit
There are number of issues regarding the collapse of many established companies. In majority of the cases, the auditors were blamed directly or indirectly for not exercising their duties properly. The issues in international auditing are briefly described below along with their effect on a company (Todea and Stanciu, 2009).There are many international issues that have resulted in the collapse of big companies due to compromise made on audit quality and auditor’s independence. The most
Pages: 10 (2500 words), Essay
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A review of some key audit and risk management concepts/a critical overview of auditing software - IDEA
Reporting may relate to financial and non financial reporting or internal and external. Internal reporting is influenced by requirements such as strategic decisions, performance metrics and operational plans while external reporting is mostly regulatory or standard by accounting bodies.Reliable reports from the internal control framework are used as a prerequisite in accessing the capital markets and also a basis for investors to analyze performance. In addition, it is standard for
Pages: 8 (2000 words), Essay
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The Capital Budget
The majority of people in the area also lost their jobs leading to various shortfalls in the states. As a result of the shortfalls, several states have also cut the amount of revenue that is spent public utilities and infrastructure such as education and health and social service care.According to the trend expenditure from 2008 to 2012, education, public assistance, Medicaid and corrections expenditures decreased in the city of Chicago. During the same time period, expenditures for
Pages: 5 (1250 words), Essay
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