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Finance & Accounting Essay

What is the CAPM and of what practical use is it
William Sharpe and John Lintner are the authors of the capital asset pricing model (CAPM); the model is based on the asset-pricing theory (Fama & French 2004), and Markowitz’s portfolio selection concept. Morkowitz model assumed that all investors were risk averse, and they chose mean variance efficient portfolios (Washington. That is why; his approach is called mean variance model. Sharpe added two assumptions to this model to determine a mean-variance efficient portfolio from the security
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Essay
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Contemporary Issues in Accounting and Finance
According to Sharma (2012, p.14), the differences were seen and they did expect the law auditors to operate within their stipulations. In giving their outline, the union for accountants had in mind the idea of public interest. They were interested in the good of the people. But in essence the European Union found the laws quite strict for the auditors to withstand (Puttick et al., 2008, p. So it was a two way drive. If the law analyst happens to execute their duties within the provisions of the
Pages: 5 (1250 words), Essay
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Financal reporting 5
Considering Britvic Plc.’s corporate social responsibility report of 2011, it has been found that the company has provided disclosure on the commitment of the company towards the society and the environment with an assurance that the company has a long term vision for contributing to the social and environmental causes. The corporate responsibility report 2011 of Britvic Plc. states that the company has always given priority to the communities and stakeholders and that the employee of Britvic
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Essay
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Does it matter whether or not firms pay dividends Why
Furthermore, dividend payouts of companies depend on the long term sustainable earnings rather than term profitability. Therefore, managers should make dividend payouts very consciously regarding the increase of dividend payouts. If they make any wrong decision regarding revised dividend payout, then they have to cancel the increase in dividend in a special announcement to the shareholders.This is substantial impact of change in dividend payout in stock price of companies as well as perceived
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Essay
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Assignment of Acc
Currently, there are number of selling options are available which could be consider by a company or a management to pursue, merely to decrease down the level of cost association. In this scenario, the company is strategizing to go with internet based sales instead of focusing on the selling of the cycles through the cycle shops. Selling the cycles to the consumers with this particular action, will certainly decrease the level of cost of the company and resultantly will increase the financial
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Essay
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Comparasion of Apple and Samsung
In 2011, Samsung achieved a return on equity of 13.58% as compared Apple’s return on equity of 33. From the 2011 to 2012, rate of increase in ROE for Samsung is more than Apple. Despite that, Apple recorded an ROE of 35.30% in 2012 which is more than 19.63% ROE for Samsung.A comparison of the asset turnover of Apple and Samsung provides a measure of utilization of assets of the two companies. Asset turnover indicates the amount of revenue generation of the company in multiple of its asset
Pages: 14 (3500 words), Essay
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Accounting Information Systems and Control Issues
It implies that the debtors had paid their money but due to some kind of fraudulent activity by some employee this was not recorded in the books of accounts.In the context of a business, a revenue cycle refers a series of activities which leads to transaction of goods in exchange of cash. This especially happens on credit that is the merchandise is delivered first and the payment is received at a time lag of few days. Now there are two aspects to this operating cycle and the cash cycle (Hill
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Essay
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Management Accounting: Costing and Budgeting
This is due to the reason that the costs of material charged to the production of a product or completion of job will be those at which these materials are receive din some prior periods.Ans: DIRECT COST: - The costs which are directly attributable to a cost object are called a direct cost. Cost object is a project, a department or a product to which costs are allocated. The direct costs when attributed to such cost object, they become part of its cost. In case of Malpas Products Limited
Pages: 10 (2500 words), Essay
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Balanced Scorecard & Tableau de bord
The Balanced Scorecard approach to management control, as developed by [The Balanced Scorecard: measures that drive performance. 1992 (January–February) 71], has generated a great deal of interest, at least in academic circles and in consulting firms, and it has been promoted by its authors as a novelty. This is surprising for French accounting scholars and practitioners who developed a similar technique in the 1930s called the Tableau de bord. This paper critically analyzes the Balanced
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Essay
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Critically evaluates the process of global harmonisation of financial reporting
The process of harmonisation will ensure development of a single global community irrespective of the diversity of stakeholders. The process will increase awareness among investors in capital markets and also develop a sense of responsibility in publicly traded firms regarding appropriate financial disclosures (Roberts et al. Harmonisation of financial reporting will facilitate undisputed international transactions by minimising exchange costs. This argument is based on the rationale of flow of
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Essay
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Futures, forwards and options are used for risk reduction, speculation and arbitrage purposes
The party willing to acquire an underlying asset in a later time (future) is called the buyer of the futures contract, whereas the party willing to sell the same is called the seller of the contract. Since the buyer of the contract has the permission to make a deal and await delivery without any variations to the price, he is referred to as “long”. The seller on his part who has the mandate to deliver the asset on the specified date without altering the price to the buyer is referred to as
Pages: 5 (1250 words), Essay
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Bank analysis
Since 1995, the credit union has donated more than $3.5 million to support the projects of different Christian missions and ministries (Christian Community Credit Union, 2014). Those missions and ministries advance the God’s kingdom by sharing the gospel with other people across the world.In order for a bank to achieve its goals, they should have competitive employees and well established assets to guarantee its operations (Mehta & Fung, 2008). The Credit Union offers fiscal services to its
Pages: 5 (1250 words), Essay
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INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS FINANCE
The industries of the world also vary on the basis of their risk potential such as trading businesses have higher risk of growing competition than technological companies whereas, the technological companies have to continue to innovate than hotel chains.Finally, the companies operating in the field of oil production have to keep a close eye on their transportation, investment and personnel costs because they are facing hefty difficulties in terms of acquiring raw oil as it is getting scarcer
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Essay
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Contemporary financial isusses- Whatsapp
The App would crash or get crashed in some instances, an aspect that was quite disappointing to Koun. The company started with the push notifications by June 2009. Koun played a major role in keeping on developing new updates for the App. The first development was an instant informative service that allowed all the individuals in the network to get a message once one individual updated their status. The major revolution in the App came with the introduction of WhatsApp 2.0, which brought a
Pages: 12 (3000 words), Essay
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Career assessment
Apart from mathematics, computer skills are very vital in accountancy. I have made the step of being conversant with computer applications through my friends and relatives that have understanding of computers. In addition, I have sought a mentor, who is an accountant. I meet him fortnightly and one of the things that we have been doing together is the use of computers in accounting. Therefore, he has been able to demonstrate to me how Microsoft Excel can be used in accounting as well as a
Pages: 5 (1250 words), Essay
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Audit Quality: What CFOs Perceive as Important
Professional bodies and the auditing forms will use the result of the research to place more emphasis on the team attributes in order to improve auditing quality. The author argues that the audit quality is vital in determining confidence and the reliability of the financial statements to the users. This underpins the research on what constitutes quality auditing according to various players in the market.The author demonstrates the value of the research by describing the value of quality
Pages: 5 (1250 words), Essay
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Islamic Accounting and Reporting
When a set of standards that are similar have been enacted, the accounting standards will enable comparisons on an equal basis. This would make things easier for the small businesses to be able to evaluate the available options for international investments and also cash management. Many small businesses have inadequate resources to enable them to compare and contrast the variables that are available for the domestic or international investments. It would be simpler for the owners of these
Pages: 8 (2000 words), Essay
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Changing Accounting
In preparation for profit and loss accounts, United Kingdom allows for four formats two of which are vertical and two of which are horizontal. In the vertical formats, one formats puts expenditure as a cost of sales, distribution or administrative cost therefore, giving the gross profits while the other vertical formats gives a more detailed view of expenditure. On the side of the horizontal formats, expenses are put on one side and income on the other side with one of the format giving more
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Essay
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You are required to evaluate the role of finance director in an organisation of your choice
McDonald uses integrated accounting and finance function that extends from the restaurant floor up to the board of directors and every individual subsidiary restaurant is structured as an independent business responsible for its financial performance (Sawers, 2009). Finance director therefore oversees financial performance of individual McDonald restaurants across the world and further ensures that centralized Accounting and Finance functions are undertaken.Moreover, McDonald’s Finance
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Essay
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Public sector
Thereafter, the costs and benefits of each program are noted down and the cost-benefit relationships are established. Budgetary allocations can then be made against the established cost/benefit relationships.Program analysis is very fundamental in decision-making. It is concerned with the analysis of both the costs and benefits. Program analysis provides the decision maker with more information on what impact the proposed expenditure has on the objectives. Afterwards, a choice is made between
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Essay
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