In this regard, ariculture has been recognized to adversely affect biodiversity owing to deforestation and extinction of wildlife (Brown, 2011); (ohr, 2005). Cntextually, ariculture poses diverse challenges and threats for the environment due to increased population rate and growing demand of food. Sbsequently, ariculture is used in an imminences manner to meet the growing demand for food by the augmented pollution. I this respect, i order to meet the increased food demand of the global population, aricultural practices have been changed from the conventional agricultural practices. Pesently, dfferent techniques are used in relation to mechanization, frtilizers as well as irrigation in order to increase food production (APLNJ, 2014); (rown, 2011).
Pesently, i has been identified that the growing population has been the major problem in relation to feed the world population. I has been estimated that human population will rise in an augmented manner as in comparison with food production. Bsides, i has been forecasted that the population will be over 9 billion by the end of 2050 (Shah, 2001); (AO, nThe issue of feeding the world also associated with the factor of poverty.
Pesently, te rate of inflation has affected all over the world with increased prices of food products owing to inappropriate economic as well as international trade policies. Aditionally, icreased food prices will require the people to spend almost half of their income in meeting their food requirements (Shah, 2001) (The Economist Newspaper Limited, 2012). Gobal warming is also considered as an important factor responsible for the issue of meeting the food requirement of increased population. Gobal warming has posed different threats the environment in relation to increased temperature and changes in climatic conditions.
Cimate change has been accountable for decline in the yield of food production and different extreme weather conditions in a frequent manner (The Economist Newspaper Limited, 2012); (hah, 2001). Te growing population has increased the need of augmenting food products. I this regard, dfferent chemical companies as well as industries based on agricultural businesses have promoted synthetic fertilizers and the use of chemicals for increasing food production. Sbsequently, te use of chemical based fertilizers has affected soil wich in. ..
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