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Beliefs and Models of Health and Illness: the Biomedical Sciences

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The biomedical model of health and illness focuses more on the physical manifestation and physical processes which result in diseases (Biomedical model, Web). According to this view, the role of doctors is to diagnose a patient and to treat it with appropriate measures. This treatment is mainly carried out through scientific methods including medicines, drugs, surgeries, etc (COVINGTON, P. 2008, P. 214). People believing in traditional lay concepts find it difficult to switch to these modern concepts, beliefs, and models of health and illness put forward by the biomedical sciences. Biomedical science, in general, is seen as a proven, applied and therefore, the reliable method in all fields including health and illness.

These methods are then applied through practices in the medical and are then, therefore, embedded in the workings of the society. In order to remove the lay concepts from society, these biomedical methods were highly related to societies and the workings of these societies. In order to give more power to biomedical medicine over the lay concepts, more aspects of daily life were linked with biomedical concepts and theories in order to make it more attractive for the former believers on the lay concepts. There has been an increase in the process of integration of traditional and conventional beliefs of health and illness. This is carried out in order to make people with traditional concepts realize the importance of modern scientific inventions which can save people`s lives and which can detect serious illnesses more quickly. It is highly essential that these differences between the lay concepts and the concepts of biomedical sciences be integrated so that more and more lives could be saved. This integration is also highly important to make cultural groups strong by making its people healthier. Traditionalists believing in lay concepts should understand the importance of biomedical sciences through its widening acknowledgment and a huge success. Biomedical science has been accepted worldwide and is being used by all the countries and most of the communities having different cultural backgrounds.

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