Law claims that the explanation of such phenomenon as natural disasters which destroy and cripple the lives of sentient inhabitants is His will to prevent a greater tragedy that is invisible for people. This is the first-order evil which needs the second-order good (theodicy) as a world’s virtue, for example. In this respect the suspicion or hypothesis of evil god arises. People just don’t understand how can a good god allow such bad things to happen? Law says that ignorance of the causes of evil does not negate the fact of its existence. It is a common belief that the faith in the existence of God is not devoid of meaning. Then the belief in evil god has the right for existence too. By supporting the hypothesis of good god human beings confirm the evil god one (symmetry). Law says: “The challenge I am presenting to those who believe in the god of classical monotheism, then, is to explain why, if belief in an evil god is highly unreasonable, should we consider belief in a good god significantly more reasonable? We might call this the evil-god challenge” (Law, 360). Consequently there is a great number of new doubts and questions about the evil nature of God, including misunderstanding of the motives of the evil god who has created a beautiful world and gives people so much good instead of causing them constant suffering. Law’s answer is that by giving people something nice for a moment and then by taking it out evil god makes them be even unhappier. This is when the first-order good allows the second-order evil (reverse theodicy). At the same time good god manifests himself in miracles and positive religious experience – this is the point where good outweighs evil on scales as there is no evidence (if to decide that miracles can have a confirmation at all) of anti-miracles. Law asks the logical question, namely: why good or evil god doesn’t deprive people strictly to heaven or hell respectively – and gives the answer, that is, human beings choose their future destination themselves by their good or bad actions in this world. But for this people have to believe in good or bad god. So what kind of god is that one who watches us down? Law tends to think that the Lord can mislead his followers. “In fact, it may help him maximize evil if he deceives us about his true character. An evil and omnipotent being
Drange, Theodore M. (1993). The Argument from Non-Belief. Cambridge University Press,
Law, Stephen. (2010). The Evil-god Challenge. Cambridge University Press, 46.
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