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Ethics & Information Technology Essay Example

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Ethics & Information Technology

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Notably, computer ethics is significant and interesting since computers play special roles in modern society. Moor defines computer ethics as “the analysis of the nature and social impact of computer technology and the corresponding formulation and justification of policies for the ethical use of such technology” (1). In absence of computer technology, we would not have computer ethics in the society. Indeed, computer ethics focuses on personal and societal policies for the ethical use of computer technology (Moor 1). The eminent issues related to computer ethics arise because of the lack of an IT policy defining the use of computer technology. Ideally, IT offers new capacities that allow the users to have diverse choices for action, which derives new values that raise ethical issues (Moor 1). As users analyze different policies, they develop an insight on what they value and disregard.The lack of effective non-computer analogies defines the uniqueness of computer ethics and derives new ethical issues (Maner 3). This defines a moral consequence that emanates from the lack of a satisfactory analogy since the users rely on analogies to address unfamiliar ethical problems by building conceptual bridges to similar situations encountered in the past (Maner 22). However, the lack of an effective analogy coerces the users to discover new moral values, formulate new moral principles, develop new policies, and find new ways to think about the issues presented (Maner 22). Ideally, only the involvement of computer technology and the presence of an uncertainty on how to understand and address an eminent ethical issue define the fundamental problem in computer ethics. This confirms that not all ethical issues relating to computers are significant to computer ethics. For instance, the theft of computers and other office equipment is a matter of legal and ethical concern that is not significant to significant to IT ethics.According to Maner, “One factor behind the rise of computer ethics is the lingering suspicion that computer professionals may be unprepared to deal effectively with the ethical issues that arise in their workplace” (1). This manifests when computer professionals assume that failures of computer programs relate to immoral behavior and hence the need to call for more ethical content (Maner 3). This conception is very significant since it affects our policies

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