The authors also discussed that sports physiology allows for the discussion of the impact of heavy-duty training and competition and how factors like cold air and chlorine in pools can cause inflammation of bronchial passages (Carlsen, et. In another study, sports physiology has also had an impact on understanding the relationships between field tests in female athletes. The authors concluded that there is a strong relationship between countermovement jump height and linear sprinting, as compared with longer distances; there was also a strong relationship with college athletes and high school soccer players (Vescovi and Mcguigan, 2008). In applying these results with sports physiology, the authors concluded that linear sprinting, agility, and vertical jumping are autonomous movements and skills and they imply the need to consider various endurance activities for the assessment of high school and college female athletes in order to establish accurate physical assessments (Vescovi and Mcguigan, 2008).Sports physiologists have also established through research that individuals have different musculature and that muscle fibre makeup is often distinct for particular individuals and athletes involved in various activities (Seiler, 2005). Sports and exercise scientists have been able to establish that athletes competing in long-distance events usually have 90% slow oxidative fibres; for sprinters and power performers, slow oxidative fibres are usually only at 25% (Brown, 2011). Based on these studies, sports scientists are often able to counsel athletes on the type of sports best suited to them based on their. The Role of Sport & Exercise Scientists in Different Professional Contexts.
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