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Environmental Studies, Ethics

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Unfortunately, nne of these arguments recognizes the true feelings of these animals, bt instead argue that they should not be treated as ends-in-themselves. Atention is given to human beings are seen to be supreme and only to be served by these animals. Tese non-human animals are not treated as ends-in-themselves. Imanuel Kant is an opponent of animal rights who argues that human beings have no obligations to non-human animals. Acording to Immanuel Kant, hman beings need to be kind to other non-human animals because it is an indirect other humans.

B being kind to animals, hman beings will have good character that will help them treat fellow human beings well. Knt’s argument is based on the idea that non-human animals are not rational and self-conscious. Hman beings therefore have no direct duty to foster the ends of non-human animals. Knt fails to understand that animals, jst like humans, hve feelings and emotions that need to be considered. Nn-human animals should not be taken as beings whose main purpose is to serve humans. Knt also argues that by to animals, aperson will develop a cruel heart that will make him treat other human beings in a cruel manner.

Acording to Kant, i is important to remain kind to animals because this is in the self-interest of human beings. Knt asserts that “Our duties towards animals are merely indirect duties towards humanity” (Kant, 64). I his arguments, Knt fails to recognize the feelings of these animals but instead centers his arguments on the value of human beings alone. Wen such arguments as those advanced by Kant are from lens of animal rights proponents such as Peter Singer, oe realizes that the true feelings of these animals are not considered.

Frst, Knt’s arguments can be compared to the actions of racists. Snger rightfully argues that racists generally violate the equality principle by giving greater weight to their own interests and those of their race. Tis is done when there is clash between their interests and those of other races. I can be seen that Kant’s arguments put the interest of human species ahead, ad neglect the of other Fr this reason, Knt is actually violating the equality principle.

Scondly, Knt’s arguments can be criticized based on the idea of killing. Pter Singer argues that it is not right to argue that the lives. ..

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