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Environmental studies and ecological sustainability Essay Example

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Environmental studies and ecological sustainability

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Environmental studies and ecological sustainability. One of the keywords featuring in the text is social movement. Janis Alcorn acknowledges the force exerted by social movements in counteracting a degrading ecological system within their habitat. The author focus on an objectively structured indigenous organization witnessed among the Dayak people of Indonesia. Dayak’s social movement aimed at supplementing defense mechanisms meant to counter the effects of erosion of ecological resilience (Alcorn and Royo 34). Social movements within the Indonesian society address the influence of new technologies and globalization on their local ecosystems. Another keyword within the text is “Adat”. According to the authors, Adat refers to some collective beliefs and practices shared by members of an indigenous society prior to influence from colonial or post-colonial forces (Alcorn and Royo 28).

Adat principles bounds members of any given society to some predetermined responsibilities relating to ecological relationship. In this case, failure to incline one’s actions towards Adat practices calls for punitive actions. Typical punitive actions arising from non-compliance to Adat include Adat fines, among others. Another phrase, political turbulence, features during the implementation of Adat principles in modern societies. Within Dayak society, there is a pronounced influence by national governance in Adat implementation.  
One interesting theme within the text involves collective social responsibility of ensuring ecological conservation. The case of Dayak illustrates the extent to which a determined society stretches its limits in ensuring ecological resilience in their ecosystem. People living within Dayak village ensured existence of a structured administration mean to oversee adoption of social practices in environmental conservation. All legible members of Dayak society, together with the national government support, elected an Adat leader adapted from one generation to another (Alcorn and Royo 58). . Environmental studies and ecological sustainability.

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Works Cited

Alcorn, Janis B. and Antoinette G. Royo, eds. Indigenous Social Movements and Ecological Resilience: Lessons from the Dayak of Indonesia. Washington, DC: Biodiversity Support Program, 2000. Print

Karl-Erick Sveiby. Aboriginal Principles For Sustainable Development: As Told in Traditional Law Stories. Journal of Sustainable Development, 2009, 17, 1-27. Print

Muir, Deborah and Sullivan Phillip. From the other side of the knowledge frontier: Indigenous knowledge, social–ecological relationships and new perspectives. New York: CSIRO Publishing. The Rangeland Journal, 2010, 32, 259–265. Print

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