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Environmental Studies

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Although governments have been trying to act as though they are protecting these animals, teir efforts have been half hearted and they have therefore borne very little fruits. I the current loss of forests goes unabated, ten many animal and plant species will be left in jeopardy (Michael 51). Aart from the direct human actions that have led to the extinction of various animal and plant life, hman beings have also carried out indirect activities that have led to adverse effects on animal and plant life. T begin burning of fuels has led to the depletion of the ozone layer, wich has in turn brought adverse plant and animal life.

De to global warming, te tropics have been disappearing at a fast rate leading to a scenario where the plants and animals living in those areas have found it hard to survive and have therefore become extinct. Fr this reason, hman activity accounts for the highest rate of animal and plant extinction in the universe. Te issue of whether human beings are responsible for plant and animal been the subject of discussion among philosophers for a long time.

Tday, a average of 20 million species live in the global ecosystem with some of them surviving for almost 3. 5billion years. Hwever, te present rate at which these species are becoming extinct has had scientists worried. Rsearchers point out that the extinction rate is currently at 100 to 1000 times as compared to that of background rates. The rising need to protect both solitary and entire ecosystems has brought the issue of international biodiversity loss to front global politics triggering the formation of international treaties for this very particular purpose.

A the discussions by politicians and scientists regarding the efforts to preserve plants and animals from human destruction, te question of whether man is morally obligated to carry out this protection has arisen. Wile people realize the need for them to protect the environment, tere has been reluctance for this to be implemented since most people do not see the real effect of their actions and there are no laws that compel people to responsibly towards environment (Yamin 529)Ideally, sewardship as a justification of ecological health places man in charge of biodiversity.

Te proponents of this theory point out that as the vanguards of the world we have an ethical duty to protect it. ..

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