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Environmental Studies Essay Example

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Environmental Studies

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Unlike other living creatures, human beings have the capacity to take care of the ecosystem and address the challenges facing the environment. If the conservation efforts are modeled according to this system, then human beings will be unable to exploit the environment.On the other hand, utilitarian conservation asserts that resources should be used for the greater good and for the greatest number. This approach entails conducting a cost benefit analysis, but this approach cannot accurately capture the intangible benefits offered by the environment. For instance, the environment offers a host of services such as maintenance of water quality and provision of habitat to the animals. Likewise, some of the plant and animal species have no known benefit to man, and as such human beings may lack the motivation to conserve them. In the end, these species may be become extinct, for failure to receive the necessary attention from the human beings. In contrast, species that have valuable characteristics are likely to be favored by the human beings. Ultimately, this approach may lead to an unbalanced ecosystem. The major benefit of this approach is that it translates to huge economic gains. By concentrating their efforts on the most productive species, human beings are able to enjoy numerous economic benefits. On the negative side, using the cost-benefit analysis could lead to eventual extinction of species, whose benefits have not yet been discovered.To reduce the environment, the government initiated the Clean Air Act. This federal law seeks to reduce pollution by eliminating toxic air pollutants, reducing incidence of acid rain, and chemical emissions. The Act empowers the Environmental Protection Agency to set the limits which should be observed by all the states. The agencies in respective states are required to regulate applications for industries and chemical processes. Many states have already embraced diverse initiatives to meet the objectives of this Act, and just to illustrate in 2003, the New York City’s administration launched the tobacco control program. This program targets to protect the non-smokers from the effects of second-hand smoke. The New York Tobacco Control Program is a very good initiative and has received widespread support from the residents and businesses in the area.A report released by the

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