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The Importance of the Physical Environmentand Effects of the Physical Environment Essay Example

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The Importance of the Physical Environmentand Effects of the Physical Environment

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The Importance of the Physical Environmentand Effects of the Physical Environment. The article points out that the right way to go forward for researchers would be to focus on the view that the physical environment is the sole factor influencing behavior and then work towards determining in which ways and conditions the behavior is affected. Another criticism leveled at the determinist perspective in environment-behavior research is that there is a lack of clearly defined and measured intervening variables in the environment-behavior relationship. The lack of an intervening variable would thus mean that the researchers are conferring or implying that the physical environment has a direct or unmediated effect on behavior in all situations or instances. Researchers such as Brody and Lang have been criticized due to this and there is a need to quantify the intervening variable that simply put explain why a proposed environmental feature or event effects behavior in a particular way.

Since an intervening variable would, therefore, be considered both a result of the environmental feature being considered as well as the determinant of the resulting behavior, it would imply that physical environment is in most instances an indirect effect. The author says that researchers need to put effort into presenting clearly defined intervening variables that would help in the further advancement of this field of study. A major criticism of the physical determinist approach has been that the researchers of environment-behavior research do not give enough importance to the fact that certain people may not react to a certain situation in the same manner as most would. Simply put, there is a general lack of acknowledgment of the fact that different people make different situations in similar circumstances and while one person may act a certain way, another person may react to the same physical environment in a completely different manner.  According to the author, there are many questions that can be posed in this regard. The Importance of the Physical Environmentand Effects of the Physical Environment.

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References

Franck, K., A.(1984). “Exorcising the Ghost of Physical Determinism”. Environment and Behavior. Vol. 16, pp 411-435.
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