As stated before, Prometheus stole fire from the gods and was doomed to have his liver pecked out every day by a giant predatory bird – this was possible because his liver regenerated every day, so that the bird could continually feast (Vadakethu). There are obvious parallels between the story of Frankenstein and the story of Prometheus. Both Frankenstein and Prometheus stole something sacred from the creator; Prometheus stole fire from the gods; Frankenstein stole creation from God if one believes that God is the only creator of man.
like Prometheus, Frankenstein was punished severely for his transgression, in that he was doomed to watch everybody he loved to be killed by his own creation, and Frankenstein himself dies mainly because of his own creation (Shelley, 1818, p. Mythologies also presented lessons from which man should learn – such as the story of Prometheus, in which the lesson that is to be learned is that hubris is bad, and one should never think that one is mightier than the gods. Likewise, the gothic tale of Frankenstein has an explicit and that is that man should not try to disrupt nature.
Or, as Shelley herself put it Frankenstein mocked “ the stupendous mechanism of the Creator of the world” (Shelley, 1818, p. Like Prometheus, Frankenstein also is a lesson in hubris. Frankenstein created his monster simply because he could, or that he wanted to satisfy an obsession (Shelley, 1818, p. There was no reason that Frankenstein created the monster that would be morally justifiable, or at least rational. His actions are not understandable to the rational mind, because they were controlled by his rational mind but, rather, seemed to spring from some overwhelming urge deep inside his psyche, an urge to usurp the Creator, much like Prometheus (Shelley, 1818, p.
This part of his mind, the Freudian id, is what controlled Frankenstein when creating this monster. Therefore, Frankenstein is also a cautionary tale about letting one’ s dark impulses dictate one’ s action. Edgar Allen Poe was a master of giving life to these dark impulses and obsessions, which are part of the irrational id, through his stories as well.
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