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# Electronics, Electricity and Explosives Essay Example

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## Electronics, Electricity and Explosives

AC scores over DC when it comes to converting DC into AC, it takes a lot of money to do that and it is not advisable to do so. DC should ideally be used only for long-distance transmission and AC in all other circumstances.Heating elements and light bulbs hardly care if the electricity supplied to them is DC or AC but it is very important to note that most modern day electrical gadgets require DC to work effectively. These days a transformer is used which consistently converts AC into DC for the devices to work effectively.In countries like Canada and the United States AC outlets have a voltage of 115 V and this is at 60 Hz. In European countries this is much different; most countries use 220 to 240 V which is about 50 Hz. It is also important to understand how peak voltage works, 115 V AC power usually has a peak voltage which is in the region of 163 V.Home and office electrical outlets are delivered electricity when the terminal has one hot and one neutral terminal. AC voltage is preferred by several people because a transformer is used to convert it into DC and it is very easy and a reliable source of getting direct current. A transformer consists of two inductors, the loops and turns present in these inductors are very different from each other. The number of turns usually determines the ratio of primary to secondary voltage. Electric generators have been made to produce alternating current, they can also produce DC but this can only be done by using a rectifier. A rectifier is made up of diodes which are also the most important part of a rectifier; the main use of a diode is that it allows the current to flow only in a single direction. DC power can also be converted into AC power; this can be done by using an inverter.Heating and arcing are two problems which are involved in producing AC and DC, alternating current can be generated at a much higher voltage than DC and the best part is that there will be fewer problems like heating and arcing. It is also important to note some of the standard values of voltage they are as follows:All these are in volts and these are the standard values when it comes to voltage, a significant increase in these values take place and as a result we get 100,000, 200,000 and 800,000 these are converted to transfer over long distances. The voltage is significantly decreased at the load are, it is reduced to 120,208,240, 277, 440, 480, 500 all the values are again

Works Cited

Alternating Current and Direct Current. Similar Terms. n.p., Web. 22 July. 2011. <http://www.greenfacts.org/glossary/abc/alternating-current.htm>

Alternating Current. A Simple Explanation. n.p., Web. 22 July. 2011. <http://www.helium.com/items/1345340-acdc>

“Direct and Alternating Current.” Electrical Power Basics. n.p., Web. 22 July. 2011.

<http://www.pcguide.com/ref/power/ext/basicsACDC-c.html>

“What is Alternating Current?” Direct Vs Alternating Current. n.p., Web. 22 July. 2011.

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