However, researchers who do not oppose every form of corporal punishment are not merely products of the norms of society, but they also have produced scientific studies to support their claim. A major disagreement involves the generalization of all corporal punishment. Some researchers question the validity of the studies made regarding all types of corporal punishment. These researchers assert that not all forms of punishment negatively affect the psyche of the child, especially if the form of punishment is non-abusive and is coupled with a loving disposition. Several researchers oppose stand of Straus against all forms of corporal punishment.
Larzelene (1998), for one, stated that punishment accompanied by love does not count as abusive and should be considered as part of the more effective means of disciplining children. There are a number of scientists who support this idea and who urge others to qualify what is harmful from what is constructive. They insist that investigations into corporal punishment should differentiate spanking from the abusive form of punishment. Friedman and Schonberg (as cited in Baumrind, 2001, p. 1) defined spanking refer to striking the child on the buttocks or extremities with an open hand without inflicting physical injury with the intention to modify behaviour. ” Some scientists believe that this is still an essential form of discipline, necessary to curb misbehaviours in children.
Larzelene (1998) even developed a model suggesting that “ optimal disciplinary responses begin with less severe tactics, such as reasoning, but proceed to firmer disciplinary tactics when the initial tactic achieves neither compliance nor an acceptable compromise. ” Here, spanking would just serve as a last resort, just in the misbehaviour does not stop. There are findings that do not support Larzelere's method, which emphasizes that the punishment has to be done with a loving disposition.
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