It urges schools to start concentrating on the basics again. Schools should focus on achieving high standards of academic work and a strong core curriculum. Students should acquire knowledge of basic skills that are essential in obtaining essential knowledge (Taneja, 2005, p.Perennialism puts the focus on the universal truths that have existed for a long time. It urges learners to read Great Books that will assist them in understanding important philosophical concepts that underlie the knowledge of human beings.Social reconstructionists detached from progressivism because they demand immediate and direct attention ills existing in the society. They have an interest in combining the belief that education goes in line with ameliorating social problems with social action and study.According to philosophy of education, each teacher has beliefs about the process, ideals, nature and purpose of education. This is what influences how and what students are taught. Philosophy of education provides answers to questions about a teacher’s role, the purpose of schooling and the things that should be taught. It also gives the methods to be followed in the teaching process.Philosophies of education that are teacher-centered are conservative and authoritarian. They give emphasis on the knowledge and values that have been in existence for years. Major philosophies of education that are student-centered are perennialism and essentialism. Philosophies of education that are student centered majorly focus on the requirements of an individual and the contemporary relevance. They usually prepare students to face the upcoming changing future. Student- centered philosophies view school as an institution that gives the youth the power and ability to improve the society. The school also helps students in realizing their individuality. Learners are placed at the core of the educational process by existentialism, social reconstructionism and progressivism (Taneja, 2005, p. Teachers and students work in collaboration to determine ideas that should be learned and how best to learn them.Constructivist is a learning theory stating that human beings construct their individual understanding and knowledge of the universe trough their experiences and reflections on those experiences. It further explains that learning is an active process and that knowledge is shaped by personal experience.
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