According to recently discovered correspondence that the government had already acknowledged that there was gold to be found at Ophir, 25 kilometers from Orange, three years earlier in 1848 ( Mining Resources, 2010). Today, however, the mine has become a tourist site with underground tours and the opportunity to actually pan for gold ( Ophir Gold Mining, NSW, 2012). According to the Mining Corporation of New South Wales (Undated) modern Australia, and in particular New South Wales, was founded on the wealth and skills of mining. In order to understand impact of possible new mining activities it is necessary to know what has occurred in the past and the long-term impacts of mining activities of various types throughout Australia, Image 1, Waymarking. com The discovery of gold at Ophir brought with it a number of long-term advantages.
It encouraged emigration to the new land, in particular from China. The mine was eventually worked out, but the miners and their descendants have remained, bringing aspects of their culture with them as well as their skills, and transferring into other businesses in area. Other advantages came in transport.
The gold had to be transported out and the workers brought in, as well of course as any necessary supplies. "Cobb and Co Coaches" ran back and forth for some 50 years and then train lines were built with regular links to major centers such as Sydney and Melbourne. Prior to the discovery of gold Australia had been seen are merely a penal colony. Gold, together with other minerals mined, were the catalysts which brought wealth to Australia as well as attracting thousands of ‘ voluntary settlers. , quadrupling the population between 1851 to 1.7 million in 1871.
This then became linked to new feelings of independence and confidence. These eventually led to the creation of the Federation and later in 1901 came the establishment of the Commonwealth of Australia. The gold rush began only weeks after that original discovery with thousands of laborers digging around Bathurst, with an influx of hundreds more joining them each day.
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