The key forms of intellectual property affecting online contracts include: copyright, trade marks, patents, trade secrets, registered designs and some others (Field, n.Copyright is a form of intellectual property, which is given to creators of artistic or literary works (Field, n. This includes the right for reproducing the work, making copies, or displaying/performing it publicly (Field, n.Patents are aimed to protect various inventions, including high-tech products, designs, manufacturing processes, molecular compounds, etc. On the contrast of copyright, the concept of a patent is based on a trade-off (Wayne, n. Thus, this form of intellectual property gives an innovator or inventor an exclusive right to make or use the invention for a definite period of time (Wayne, n. After this time expires, anyone can use, make or sell the innovation (Wayne, n. Due to the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988, creators of literary, dramatic, artistic and musical works are enabled to control legally the ways in which their intellectual property may be used (Copyright Service, n. This act is the current UK copyright law, which covers the issues of: copying, issuing, broadcast and public performance, adapting, lending copies to the public and renting (Copyright Service, n.Trademark is the form of intellectual property, defined as a commercial source indicator or a distinctive sign used to identify certain goods or services (Field, n. To be enforceable, trademarks should be registered and registrations must be renewed (Field, n. To register or protect trademark it is necessary to refer to the Trade Marks Act of 1994, which provides new provisions for this form of intellectual property (Trade Marks Act 1994). One of the cases of breaching registered trade marks rights happened with such companies as Marks & Spencer, BT, Virgin, when defendant offered their own names as defendant and then attempted to cash in on the companies registrations (Case Examples, 17).Another form of intellectual property, defined by an “eye appeal of an object” is referred to the registered designs (Simpkin, 2010, p. In Britain there is also a Design Right according to which designer gains an automatic protection for 15 years from the date of creation (Simpkin, 2010, p.Electronic Commerce Law deals with online businesses and their obligations towards consumers, such as, respect of privacy, personal data collection, scams, and many other
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