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Drug Use and Abuse

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In class, we discussed how the use of mind-altering chemicals falls on a continuum.   Identify and explain each of these phases.     Mind-altering drugs fall into a continuum of substance abuse and addiction. The continuum has three major phases with no use as the first phase. This is the phase where the individual is free from any mind-altering drug. The second phase is drug abuse, which is defined as the inappropriate use of mind-altering substances. The final phase in the drug abuse and addiction continuum is the substance addiction. Substance addiction is repeated obsessive consumption of mind-altering chemicals despite their effect on the health of the user.

At this stage, the user loses control of his habits (Maisto, Galizio, and Connors 387). 6. What are some of the causes of addiction in terms of the agent, the host, and the environment? What implications might these causes have on prevention and treatment? Some drugs contain addictive substances that cause dependency. Pain medication like morphine if taken for a long time may cause addiction. The use of strong pain medication may be required during procedures.

Treatment for such addiction may cause withdrawal symptoms. The host also determines the extent of the addiction to the drug. The biological condition, genetic characteristics and psychological health determine drug addiction. Prevention and treatment are also determined by the biological, genetic and psychological characteristics of the individual. Cases of mental illness are susceptible to drug abuse compared to stable people. Biochemical condition like faulty metabolism influences addiction to drugs.   7.  You were asked to participate in an addiction simulation exercise: “ Eyeskube Addiction” in which you may have experienced, hand, some of the physical, social, cognitive and emotional experiences of a person who is actually addicted to a drug.     Please reflect on this experience as you describe your thoughts, feelings, experiences and reactions to the exercise.    

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