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Drug policy should transcend ideology and be based on scientific evidence and sound human rights principles; it should support, not punish, those affected. Critically evaluate the statement above, using illustrative examples to support your position Essay Example

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Drug policy should transcend ideology and be based on scientific evidence and sound human rights principles; it should support, not punish, those affected. Critically evaluate the statement above, using illustrative examples to support your position

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This paper focuses on the health of the drug user. As Jarlais argues, drug users are a part of the wider community and the wider community cannot be protected from the ills of drug use if the drug user is not protected.Lloyd argues that drug users are generally stigmatized and driven underground by drug policies and as such rarely demand protection of their human rights nor do they usually attempt to defend their human rights.8 Yet drugs when controlled more appropriately as with alcohol can be less lethal. Some drugs have significant medicinal value and have been used by prominent citizens. For example, Queen Victoria used cannabis for pain management after giving birth.9 In the meantime, the human rights of drug users are violated in an attempt to control the use of drugs. This paper therefore considers both scientific evidence and human rights in conducting a critical analysis of drug policies and alternative approaches to current policies. This research study is divided into two main parts. The first part of this study analyses the science behind drug policies and the second part of the paper considers the human rights associated with drug policies.Drug policies controlling drugs listed as dangerous substances are typically constructed around the moral-legal model and rejects the disease model. The disease model holds that drug abusers are ill in the same way as an individual suffering from some other chronic illness.10 Thus drug users should be treated rather than punished. The moral-legal model adopted by prohibitionist drug policies assumes that drug use and distribution should be controlled by virtue of penalties built into three methods. The first method is through the regulatory theory in which some drugs such as tobacco and alcohol are controlled through higher taxes.11The penalty is contained in the higher taxes. The assumption is that since these drugs are potentially harmful, they can be controlled through stiffer tax regulations which restricts the access to these substances and at the same time provides the government with a source of revenue.A report submitted by the House of Commons Science and Technology Select Committee in 2006 reported that alcohol and tobacco are rated as potentially more harmful than banned dangerous substances such as cannabis, LSD and ecstasy.12 The House of Commons Science and Technology Select Committee also raised the issue of

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preview essay on Drug policy should transcend ideology and be based on scientific evidence and sound human rights principles; it should support, not punish, those affected. Critically evaluate the statement above, using illustrative examples to support your position
  • Pages: 16 (4000 words)
  • Document Type: Essay
  • Subject: Law
  • Level: Undergraduate
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