This paper focuses on the health of the drug user. As Jarlais argues, dug users are a part of the wider community and the wider community cannot be protected from the ills of drug use if the drug user is not protected. Loyd argues that drug users are generally stigmatized and driven underground by drug policies and as such rarely demand protection of their human rights nor do they usually attempt to defend their human rights. 8Yet drugs when controlled more appropriately as with alcohol can be less drugs have significant medicinal value and have been used by prominent citizens.
Fr example, Qeen Victoria used cannabis for pain management after giving birth. 9In the meantime, te human rights of drug users are violated in an attempt to control the use of drugs. Tis paper therefore considers both scientific evidence and human rights in conducting a critical analysis of drug policies and alternative approaches to current policies. Tis research study is divided into two main parts. Te first part of this study analyses the science behind drug policies second part of the paper considers the human rights associated with drug policies.
Dug policies controlling drugs listed as dangerous substances are typically constructed around the moral-legal model and rejects the disease model. The disease model holds that drug abusers are ill in the same way as an individual suffering from some other chronic illness. 10 Thus drug users should be treated rather than punished. The moral-legal model adopted by prohibitionist drug policies assumes that drug use and distribution should be controlled by virtue of penalties built into three The method is through the regulatory theory in which some drugs such as tobacco and alcohol are controlled through higher taxes. 11The penalty is contained in the higher taxes.
The assumption is that since these drugs are potentially harmful, tey can be controlled through stiffer tax regulations which restricts the access to these substances and at the same time provides the government with a source of revenue. Areport submitted by the House of Commons Science and Technology Select Committee in 2006 reported that alcohol and tobacco are rated as more harmful banned dangerous substances such as cannabis, LD and ecstasy. 12 The House of Commons Science and Technology Select Committee also raised the issue of. ..
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