The Chinese are known to have used mouth rinse to treat oral conditions such as gingivitis. Ancient Egyptians also valued hygiene and apart from cleansing their bodies, also used a wide range of locally available products to enhance oral hygiene. For instance, paintings from ancient Egyptian artworks indicate they emphasized whole body cleanliness. Egyptians are documented to have used sodium carbonate to cleanse their mouths. They also made use of cumin, water and honey solutions, frankincense and goose fat to keep their mouths fresh (CPS Magazine, n.Ancient Romans were also reported to have made regular purchases of Portuguese as a remedy of bad breath around AD 1. Romans often engaged the services of slaves to conduct oral cleansing on their master. The ammonia found in urine is cited as a key component that made urine a good solution to bad breath. Urine was, therefore, used to disinfect and whiten teeth. As a result, urine became an important ingredient of mouth washes for many centuries thereafter. In AD 23, tortoise blood became a popular form of mouthwash that was credited for its ability to protect people against tooth aches (Warnakularusiya & Tilakaratna, 2014).Around 40-90 AD, documents by the Greek Physician and surgeon, Pedanius Dioscorides, indicate that he recommended an oral regime made up of olive leaves and juice. He also promoted the use of milk. Dioscorides also recommended; myrrh, gum, pomegranate, wine and vinegar to counter bad oral odour. By the 12th Century A.D Saint Hildegard von Bingen, German mystic and philosopher had begun recommending cleaning the mouth using clean, cold water. He believed that swishing cold water in the mouth prevented the development of plaques and tarter (Parwani, et.However, the Europeans were not the only society practising mouth cleansing in the ancient times. Native Americans and Mesoamericans are known to have been using mouthwashes before the coming of Columbus and other migrants. People of the Aztec Civilization used plants such as Coptis trifolia among others to make mouthwashes. Native Americans also used saline solutions to remedy mouth sores, teething problems and sore throats. Dentistry practised by the Aztecs peoples is believed to have been way ahead of Europe in the ancient days (Warnakularusiya & Tilakaratna, 2014).Starting from the 17th Century, research was conducted to
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