The Chinese are known to have used mouth rinse to treat oral conditions such as gingivitis. Acient Egyptians also valued hygiene and apart from cleansing their bodies, aso used a wide range of locally available products to enhance oral hygiene. Fr instance, pintings from ancient Egyptian artworks indicate they emphasized whole body cleanliness. Eyptians are documented to have used sodium carbonate to cleanse their mouths. Tey also made use of cumin, wter and honey solutions, fankincense and goose fat to keep their mouths fresh (CPS Magazine, nAncient Romans reported to have made regular purchases of Portuguese as a remedy of bad breath around AD 1.
Rmans often engaged the services of slaves to conduct oral cleansing on their master. Te ammonia found in urine is cited as a key component that made urine a good solution to bad breath. Uine was, terefore, ued to disinfect and whiten teeth. A a result, uine became an important ingredient of mouth washes for many centuries thereafter. In AD 23, trtoise blood became a popular form of mouthwash that was credited ability to protect people against tooth aches (Warnakularusiya & Tilakaratna, 2014).
Aound 40-90 AD, dcuments by the Greek Physician and surgeon, Pdanius Dioscorides, idicate that he recommended an oral regime made up of olive leaves and juice. H also promoted the use of milk. Doscorides also recommended; mrrh, gm, pmegranate, wne and vinegar to counter bad oral odour. By the 12th Century A. DSaint Hildegard von Bingen, Grman mystic and philosopher had begun recommending cleaning the mouth using clean, cld water. H believed that swishing cold water in mouth the development of plaques and tarter (Parwani, e.
Hwever, te Europeans were not the only society practising mouth cleansing in the ancient times. Native Americans and Mesoamericans are known to have been using mouthwashes before the coming of Columbus and other migrants. Pople of the Aztec Civilization used plants such as Coptis trifolia among others to make mouthwashes. Ntive Americans also used saline solutions to remedy mouth sores, tething problems and sore throats. Dntistry practised by the Aztecs peoples is believed to have been way ahead of in the days (Warnakularusiya & Tilakaratna, 2014).
Sarting from the 17th Century, rsearch was conducted to. ..
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