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Discuss how tantra incorporated into itself various aspects of the three modes of Hinduism

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Tantra interjected a kind of magical, poactive means for gaining control of the temporal world, wich had an element of unpredictability. “Tantric ritual is about powerful and dangerous forces, wich must be encountered and dealt with for the good of the community. These forces can only be manipulated by specialist priests and ritualists, ad even then there is a risk that things can ‘go wrong’” (Samuel, 2008, p The presence of sexual ritual, wich the early Vedic scholars reviled, hs been much misunderstood as something gratuitous, een degrading.

As such, Tntra introduced a new and potent physical means of finding transcendence through a bodily discipline. The act of sex became “the vehicle of illumination itself; fr it was in orgasm that the deity revealed itself as the transcendental core of the energies of cognition and action, te unity of light and emptiness” (Ibid). Early tantric sexual ritual included the use of semen, bood and various pigments – its goal was to generate power through the breaking ofThere is a palpable force to the mode of wisdom, its achievement through the discipline of yoga.

Tantric yoga’s origins, a with ritual, ae obscure, tough its introduction as a practice can be traded to the Upanishads. Many of the mystical pathways of inner transcendence that are so closely identified with Hinduism are the products of yoga, icluding asceticism, mditation and salvation through hallucination (Hopkins, 1901). The Upanishadic meaning of yoga has to do with restraint of the senses; i fact, i this early period “yoga” and “restraint” have more or less equivalent meanings (Ibid). What followed was systematization yoga, wich took place roughly between 300 and 500 A.

, emerging as a system concerned with the integration of the body and mind (Spiritual Teachings, 1995). All of this represents the evolution of an early, prceived need to move past the physical restraints of life by altering one’s consciousness, oe’s reality. Tis tantric wisdom was fully part of the Hindu tradition by the 11th century; b this time, “antric theory and practice begin to have profound and observable affects (sic) on ‘mainstream’ Hinduism” (Brooks, 1990, p is during period that the teachings of tantric yoga “gain popularity and influence the works of non-tantric writers” (Ibid).

However, eidence of. ..

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