Additionally, te complex Stereotomy of the ornamented style is left to free play and is accompanied by moldings drawn from local Late Antique monuments, iscriptions and finely dressed masonry that is beveled along the coursing. Te Mosque was of great importance in the Muslim world since it is the oldest congregational mosque in the Islamic architecture (Burgoyne, 68). O the hand, te Mamluk dynasties new form of architecture evolved and flourished as well despite the chaotic political circumstances that prevailed then. Bybars al-Bundugdari, te first Mamluk Sultan completed of the Crusaders and protected the Mongols from invading Egypt (Burgoyne 78).
His mosque known as the Mosque of Sultan Baybars is currently worn out though the shape is still intact with the outer walls still standing. Te Mosque is much like the al-Hakim’s Mosque, wich has projecting portals and corner towers. Mreover, te Mosque has one minaret that stands above the North portal. Aditionally, te Mosque’s arcade is supported by both brick piers and columns and have stilted as well as pointed arches. Wen building the arches were also used as decorative niches at the facade of the entrance.
Bilt between 1283 and 1285, Sultan Quala‘un Complex contained a mosque, mdrasa and a maristan (hospital) the most capturing aspect of the building is in the way the limited and irregular space has been allotted in the urban setting. Mst mosques in the Mamluk dynasty were built in regular forms and had panoramic views. Hwever, dring the Abbasid period, te city became congested and such the architects had to come up with new ideas building therefore changing from the traditional form during the Ayyubid dynasty.
Te public nature f the mosques in the urban setting made beautified facades attractive to compensate for the irregular forms they had taken. Ulike in the Ayyubid mosques, te facade of the sultan Qala‘un complex was built tall enough to tower over the streets like a cliff. Semingly, te tall and decorated minarets were characterized by verticality. Te mosques had tall and narrow windows, wich were placed closely together; tis aspect made one to think that the to were and more spacious than they were in reality.
Fom a closer look, te complex’s facades embody some Romanesque influence. ..
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