For example, Lewis has discussed the scope of the reforms to the Sexual Offenders Act of 1997 by way of the Sexual Offences Act of 2003, as a result of which a wider range of offensive activities against children have been brought under the purview of protection offered for children who are vulnerable to sexual abuse4. This Act also creates a new offence of “grooming” whereby a person attempting to lure a child into a sexual activity will be guilty even if the actual offence has not occurred. Hence, the range of conduct that previously fell just short of a sexual offence and could not be prosecuted under the law, are now addressed in the New Act.Where the electronic medium is concerned, the question of grooming is as much a causal factor of harm as actual physical abuse and therefore is precisely the issue to be addressed. The crimes of exposing young children to pornographic material are virtual and suggestive of sexual activity, causing danger to the vulnerable minds of children, yet falling short of actual physical activity. Esen has pointed out how the electronic medium has facilitated child pornography, since it can be used by paedophiles to prepare and distribute sexually suggestive and pornographic material through online chat rooms, however detection is a problem since the material is encrypted and not easily accessible5. In one instance, there was a network of 12 countries and 180 members who were engaging in Internet pornographic activity, specifically targeting young people.For legal purposes, the general consensus in European countries is that any sexually explicit material that is targeted towards children below the age of eighteen or. Developments in the media.
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