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Health System Utilized by Countries Most Affected by TB Essay Example

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Health System Utilized by Countries Most Affected by TB

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Health System Utilized by Countries Most Affected by TB. This research tells that in 2000, the UN Millennium Declaration was signed by 189 countries, with eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) for development and poverty eradication. Three of the eight MDGs are dedicated to health. The MDG6 is related to TB. These goals are supposed to be achieved by 2015 that led to a series of global health initiatives, including the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, TB and Malaria, Stop TB, Roll Back Malaria, The Presidential Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief, and the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization. All these initiated are intricately linked with concern about the massive health challenges being faced by the world's poorest countries, and many low-income countries are unlikely to achieve the MDG health targets by 2015.

Unfortunately, those countries away from the targets are the ones for whom all these initiatives were meant. Despite a number of effective and affordable interventions with the international assistance of billion-dollar funds, there is not much progress and their health systems are really in a bad shape. There is the convergence of opinion, evidence-based studies, and analyses that suggest the biggest obstacles in progress of initiatives and programs to alleviate TB and other diseases is the health systems of the low and middle-income countries, the ones most affected by the scourge TB and other diseases. This has led to believe that concerted and coordinated efforts should be made to scale up the health systems of the affected countries. While robust health systems are critical to achieving the health MDGs, there is presently little direct focus on systems strengthening. The motivation to produce results for the MDGs has led many health care providers of the concerned health systems to focus on the disease itself with a notion that through the implementation of specific interventions the system will be automatically strengthened in course of time.  The present health systems of the affected countries lack in the key areas such as the health workforce, drug supply, health financing, and information systems. Health System Utilized by Countries Most Affected by TB.

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Reference

CDC (2010). Reported tuberculosis in the United States, 2009. Atlanta, GA: US Department of Health and Human Services

Chen LC (2004). Harnessing the power of human resources for achieving the MDGs. Geneva: World Health Organization

Lopez AD et al. (2006). Global burden of disease and risk factors. New York, Oxford University Press and the World Bank

United Nations (2000). Millennium Declaration: A/RES/55/2: resolution adopted by the General Assembly. NY

WHO (2001). Good Practice in Legislation and Regulations for TB Control, An Indicator of Political Will. WHO/CDS/TB/290 Geneva, Switzerland

WHO (2010). The global plan to stop TB 2011-2015: transforming the fight towards elimination of tuberculosis. Geneva, Switzerland.

WHO (2010). Multidrug and extensively drug-resistant TB (M/XDR-TB): 2010 global report on surveillance and response. Geneva, Switzerland

World Bank (2003). The Millennium Development Goals for health. Rising to the challenges (draft). Washington

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