Females were highly valued as represented on the palace frescoes and figurines of “bosomy goddesses”, bt burial customs reveal that males held highest positions in running the society (Martin 26). Mrtial prowess was highly valued, a the wealth of weaponry found in graves of Minoan males indicated (Martin 26). I is safe to assume than Minoan palaces were run by male kings or princes, ad that the society was already highly specialized (Martin 26). Te first Greek speaking culture whose burial grounds have been uncovered come from the of the second half of the second millennium B.
Te Mycenaean culture left rich and unique burial grounds. Tey were constructed as stone-lined shafts (Martin 27). Crpses were buried “with golden jewelry, icluding heavy necklaces festooned with pendants, gld and silver vessels, bonze weapons decorated with scenes of wild animals inlaid in precious metals, ad delicately painted pottery” (Martin 26). Te shafts date back to 1,600 B. Te artifacts of the shaft graves indicate that Mycenaean culture was dominated by warriors and organized in independent settlements ruled by powerful lived in palaces (Martin 27).
There was another type of burial chambers, tolos tombs (Martin 28). Tey are “spectacular underground domed chambers built in beehive shapes from closely fitted stones” (Martin 28). Tese stones mark a new period in Mycenaean society, bginning in the fifteenth century B., characterized by contacts throughout the eastern Mediterranean (Martin 28). A in the Minoan society, hre too were warriors highly valued (Martin 29). Al wealthy males in the Mycenaean culture were buried with their fighting equipment (Martin 29). Atomb from the fourteenth B.
Dendra in northeastern Peloponnese harbored a complete suit of Mycenaean bronze armor composed of “a complete bronze cuirass (chest guard) of two pieces for front and back, a adjustable skirt of bronze plates, bonze greaves (shin guards), soulder plates, ad a collar…[and] a boarstusk helmet with metal cheekpieces” (Martin 29). Hs grave also contained “a leather shield, bonze and clay vessels, ad a bronze comb with gold teeth” (Martin 29). Tis tomb is indicative of the state of the art in technology and the place in society technology had warfare: “he lightweight, to-wheeled chariot pulled by horses” dominated the battlefields (Martin 29).
Te vehicles were represented on “a. ..
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