According to Robbins(2012), Vgotsky’s sociocultural theory provides an rich information base upon which we can understand how the biological line of development and cultural line contribute towards the overall development of children’s thinking. He believes that the lower order mental processes with which children are born with are transformed into higher mental process through interaction with others as well as the mediation of various signs, tols, ad culture. Oe of the key ideas of Vygotsky’s sociocultural theory is that learning takes place on an interpersonal level. H argues that occurs between a person and other people who are engaged in joint sociocultural activity.
Tis is then internalized gradually and transformed on an individual plane. Tis does not however imply that the leaning and cognitive development is brought about by these physical interactions alone. Acording to Vygotsky, sgns and tools play a significant mediating role in the learning and cognitive development process. I this regard, h believed that the external social world in which the student learns is gradually interiorized. Tis is then gradually transformed by the child through mastery of a wide range of signs and tools.
Acording to him, te most important tool is speech. Tis is because speech plays a significant role in the process of organizing and developing thoughts. Vgotsky argues that the developmental path of speech arises from the external social speech to egocentric speech then to inner speech. O these, eocentric speech is the most significant. Tis is because it plays an important intellectual function by forming a vital intermediary between the individual and the social, a well as the inner speech external speech.
Acording to Vygotsky, eocentric speech is an indication of the child’s developing cognitive maturity. Cildren eventually begin to develop the capacity to carry out activities through the guidance of their own speech. Tis occurs after the process of depending on interpersonal as well as external social speech as significant tool on accomplishing activities. I also occurs after receiving guidance from adults or more competent peers in tasks that are difficult to solve independently. Acording to Vygotsky, sgns include speech, smbols include writing and number systems, wereas cultural include...
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