Task of ensuring better and more equitable sustenance and provision of returns to the people, wile at the same time taking care of the environment through proper exploitation and little or no degradation due to either farming or resource exploitation. Te changing demography, prticularly, te shift towards a younger age structure of the population, ahigh rate of urbanization and a steadily rising population size, i relation to economic growth are critical drivers of their economies and contribute to the environmental change that the continent is experiencing. I critical to address the issue of population growth and the resultant structural changes, t reduce the spread of environmental degradation (Hassan, 2005).
Ech passing year, te population increases, bt the amount of natural resources with which to sustain this growth in population, t improving the quality of lives and to better stand a chance of eliminating poverty still remain finite(LLC, 2010, p This in itself causes an increase in the challenges that face the sustainability of development. Dmographic change contributes heavily to “land-cover change” with its most direct and being the opening up of new land for agricultural activities, fr the settlement of new populations, fr infrastructural expansion and development and for the mining and logging industries.
Ubanization, tat is rated to be increasingly rapidly, paces strain on both infrastructure and other services. Tis is due to the fact that majority of the newly urbanized live in slums. Tere is thus, agrowing and urgent need for integrated approaches to environmental planning and management (LLC, 2010, pSouth Africa is situated in the south of the continent of Africa as country; i is endowed with resources that are critical to its economic wellbeing.
Is economy has been driven by its primary sectors – a favorable agricultural landscape and an immense reserve of mineral resources (Beinart, 2008, p However, tere has been a structural shift in production, wth the economy, snce the early 1990s being driven by other sectors that include - wholesale and retail commerce, te telecommunications sector, ad the tourism sector. I the 21st Century, te country is moving towards being a knowledge-based powerhouse with greater being placed technology, ecommerce, ad the provision of financial services among others.
Aong the key driving sectors of the economy contributing to. ..
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