People tend to view each others in terms of economic class, age, gender, religion, ethnicity and race. Each one of use is basically an affiliate of a particular group in other of these criteria and their significance varies when it comes to social situations. For instance, today, race and ethnicity often have the most far reaching effect on us as human beings (Brubaker 2009, p. This paper will define race and ethnicity and discuss their differences. The objective of this article is to help the reader neutrally analyse the phenomena of ethnicity and race as well as a number of the global patterns of discrimination derived from them. In doing this, it is significant to suspend our personal biases and to assume a cultural relativity method.Ethnicity is the chosen cultural and, at times, physical traits utilised to categorise individuals into categories or clusters regarded to be considerably different from others (Graham, Taylor, & Ho 2009, p. Some of the commonly acknowledged ethnic groups are Asian British, Black British Chinese British, Latinos, American Indians, African Americans, Chinese and European Americans, among others. In some situations, ethnicity concerns only a loose group recognition that even lacks even one common cultural tradition. This is case with a lot of Irish and German Britons or Americans. In comparison, a number of ethnic groups are coherent subcultures that have a shared body of tradition, as well as language. Newly arrived immigrants normally fit this pattern. It is significant not to confound the word minority with ethnic group (Solomos & Back 2000, p. This is because ethnic groups might either be a majority or a minority in a certain population. Whether a group is categorised as a majority or minority is not an absolute fact, as well, but relies on the point of view. For example, in some areas along the eastern boarder of the United Kingdom, people of Irish ancestry are the overwhelming majority population and control a majority of the political and social institutions, but are still described by the national and state governments as the minority group (Collins 1990, p. In small homogenous societies, such as those of hunters and gatherers and pastoralists click this icon to hear the preceding term pronounced, there is essentially only one ethnic group and no minorities. For most individuals, ethnic classification means a link between culture and biological inheritance. They claim that biological
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