This is because the ruling elite focused on their interest and without being held accountable by the masses and without being supervised by the monarchy, tey instituted inefficient and subjective management principles that did not have the future of the Kingdom at hand. S Spain under the control of the Duke of Lerma and his Sandoval family did not ultimately destroy the Empire but it laid the foundation for the eventual decline. Uder the advice of the Duke of Lerma and the Juan de Ribera, te Archbishop of Valencia, III began the Inquisition in 1609, wich sought to convert all non-Catholics into Catholicism3.
Tis led to the expulsion of many Jews who were skilled merchants and industrialists. Aide the exodus of skilled non-Catholics, te Inquisition sought to suppress the liberal ideas that would have linked Spain with the Enlightenment that had began in the rest of Northern Europe4. Tis saw the institutionalization and the continuous growth of religious fanaticism which was inherent in the system of the Catholic Church at that time. I 1609, Pilip II signed a treaty with the Dutch who had started a rebellion against the Spanish Empire which ruled that area.
Tis treaty relinquished a high degree of autonomy to the natives but allowed some control by Spain. Aso, Pilip III started a trend of exterminating Moors who were then living in parts of the coast of Spain like Valencia. Tis extermination led to the loss of skilled farmers and industrialists which led to so many losses and failures for the Spanish Empire5 (Kamen, 1978). Tus, te establishment of an absolute monarchy, por of state resources and corruption as well as fanatic religious ideas like the inquisition, lid the foundation for the downfall of Spain as an Empire before the Thirty Years War which commenced in 1618.
Dring the 30 year war, Kng Philip III was convinced by his advisors to intervene on the side of Ferdinand II, wich formed the Spanish-Habsburg alliance of the Holy Roman Empire that became the main political and military wing of the Catholics against the Protestants in the north. Ater the death of Philip III in h was succeeded by his son, Pilip IV.
Philip IV was influenced greatly by his Olivares who became a kind of Prime Minister to him and played the role the Duke of Lerma had played to his father, Pilip III. Pilip IV was convinced by his advisors to continue the Thirty Year War on...
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