Besides, results of the research reflect demographic, ethnic, sex, and age characteristics of the counties.This statistical tool proves deterrent effect of the death penalty in all over the country. For example, 95% confidence interval estimate reveals reduction of homicides by 8% - 28%. Nevertheless, the death penalty does not imply socially desirable deterrence.Robert Cottrol makes a historical overview of this type of punishment in the United States. The factors of publicity, criminal statistics, and method of execution are of primary importance. Attitude of American citizens towards execution was specific due to historical differences in socio-economic development and political system. Thus, death penalty rate was the highest from the beginning of the Great Depression until the end of 1930th. Economic crash promoted a sharp growth of crime rates and embittered social world outlook of ordinary citizens. Death penalty was considered as the only efficient prevention of homicides, gangdom, dry law enforcement and large-scale economic corruption. Electrical chair was firstly applied in the USA, as hanging had been considered inhuman and dishonorable.In postwar period annual number of executions was quickly decreasing from several hundreds up to 2 ones in 1967. Economic flourishing, political stability and broadening of African American citizens’ civil rights partially decreased homicide rates. As a result, the Supreme Court lifted moratorium on death penalty as unconstitutional. “Social scientists who studied the issue of deterrence in the 1950s and 1960s could find little or no evidence that capital punishment deterred murders.” (Cottrol, 2004) Within the same period public support for the dearth penalty also essentially decreased. Nevertheless, in 1970th – 1980th homicide rates and major crimes throughout the country grew steadily. The proponents of the dearth penalty found a reliable argument for its renovation. Isaac Ehrlich’s innovative statistical approach proved deterrent effect of execution on homicide rate.This statistics is interesting only for criminalists, police officials, layers or legislators. The men in the street would like to know and watch positive impact of capital punishment on their everyday life. In this case, the people can be separated in two groups: back-enders (conservatives) and front-enders (liberals). Back-enders are devoted followers of death penalty, long terms of imprisonment,
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