The major Indian classical dances such as Kathak and Bharatnatyam are performed both by males and females. Hre is the kaleidoscopic review of the Indian classical dance, gnder role and gender perception in Indian classical dances. Kthak is one of the oldest classical dance forms which originated in North India. Bsically all Indian classical dances have a Hindu theology. Dnce is performed by both male and female. Te masculine dance is always vigorous and aggressive while the feminine dance form is very delicate and more graceful. Bsically in Kathak, artist has to have the knowledge of both of these patterns.
Te masculine dance that is related to vigour, i known as Tandava (Aggressive and forceful) whereas the mild and delicate dance is known as Lasya. I is the belief that when the world is full of sinners and there is no just remain on the earth, Gd Shiva destroys the world by his vigour and forceful dance. Hs wife Shakti, Gddess Parvati at that time tries to pacify him by performing a very delicate dance. Dnce has been manifestation of the various emotions since ancient time in India and gender identity is the minor issue.
Te emotions or moods in dance are called Rasa. I other incident, Siva performs a destructive dance when his wife Sati (First incarnation of his next wife Parvati) commits a suicide due to the humiliation she receives from her parents, Siva, i his tremendous vehemence prepares himself for the cosmic destruction. “hiva was the symbol of procreation and it is because of this that Tandav is often regarded as a male dance.
Thus Indian dances have always been the revelation of emotions and the release of tremendous physical energy. “andav covers all dance which expresses actions and feelings with strength and vigour, wether danced by men and women. ”(4)They are mostly related to the cosmic cycle and natural phenomenon. Acording to Hindu mythology the God of Dance is God Natraj which is again the form of Lord Shiva. I ancient India, tus dance used to be performed by many male artists. I the stories of Lord Krishna, tere is a story, he kills a very dangerous cobra dwelling in the river Yamuna.
H very bravely fought with the giant and dreadful snake which was called Kalia. Ater the defeat of Kalia it is the legend that Krishna performed a very vigorous dance on its head. Hs dance reflects the Veer Rasa...
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