The curriculum is a structured set of learning outcomes or tasks that educators usually refer to as goals and objectives. It is a document or listing of given subjects and subject matter that are inclusive of specifications of what should be learned, how it should be planned and taught for implementation and assessment of learning. The ideological background and theoretical fact-finding and, ultimately, constructivism of curriculum designs are the processes and products of what is known as the ‘ curriculum plans’ . “ A curriculum plan is the process of preparing for duties of teaching, deciding upon goals and objectives, determining curriculum content, selecting learning strategies, resources, and classroom procedures, evaluating progress, and looking to the next steps” (Pasigui, 2012, p. Curriculum planning is vitally important in the pedagogical concept of constructivism.
Likewise, it is important during authentic, postmodern curriculum designing, and implementation of curriculum theories into practice in context. Effective curriculum development is a necessary outcome – process and product – of good, structured planning and design. Comprehensive curriculum development is a primary purpose of curriculum design. Curriculum design leads to development… ” defined as the process of selecting, organizing, implementing, and evaluating or assessing learning experiences based on needs, abilities, interests, skills of teaching and learning.
It is also based on the nature of the society or learning community in which it is taking place” (Pasigui, 2012, p. Two schools of ideology or thought have sustained meaning with curriculum development and design: concepts and creation. In a place or context called the “ Curriculum Laboratory – a place or workshop where curriculum materials are gathered (learning collections) or used by teachers and of curriculum, two schools of thought are practised.
These two schools of ideology on curriculum development dominated theoretical perspectives throughout historical documentation of curriculum – The Essentialist School and the Progressive School” .
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