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Cultural Context: The History and theory of Architecture

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Boyle, also called Lord Burlington, was one of the main proponents of Palladian style because he believed in the superiority of “academic classicism” that it promotes (Richardson, 2008, p. Lord Burlington, as patron of the arts, supported the works of “William Kent, Colin Campbell, and Leoni,” all of whom had deep respect for Palladianism (Richardson, 2008, p. Campbell’s old Burlington House showed the influences of Palladianism, as well as of Holkham’s and Houghton’s styles (Richardson, 2008, p. See the facade of the Burlington House in Figure 2. It shows Palladian style through its porticoes and distinctive Venetian windows.Inigo Jones’ Wilton House and Richard Boyle’s Chiswick House are also examples of Palladian style in the U. Wilton House’s South Front shows Palladianism through its rusticated floor and Venetian windows with pediments. See Figure 3. Wilton’s Single Cube Room has a high ceiling that is Palladian in its simple, smooth lines. It has the following Palladian characteristics:ornate and lavish [decorations], with carved and painted pine panelling, a ceiling cove daubed with bright, Roman-inspired grotesques, and 26 paintings in the dado featuring scenes from Sir Philip Sidneys Arcadia (Ellis, 2012, p.Chiswick House also exhibits Palladian style through its free-standing portico, Venetian windows, balustrade levels that envelop the whole building, and overall harmony through its use of octagonal (main hall), rectangular and circular forms. See Figure 4 for Chiswick House. These Palladian- Georgian homes demonstrated “restraint and love of pure composition in balanced lines” (Richardson, 2008, p. The preference for balanced lines dominated these prominent houses in London, Edinburgh, and Bath followed Palladianism (Gorst, 1995, p. Hence, these architectural works represent simple Roman classicism design that Palladianism represents with common characteristics in their general structures and ornamentations.It is often claimed that stone vaulting in French and English Gothic Cathedrals is technically unsurpassed by iron engineering from the Industrial Revolution. By reference to four exemplars (two gothic and two nineteenth century) discuss whether this is a valid statement. You will gain marks for the appropriate use of examples, references, and diagrams.Stone vaults in a number of Gothic cathedrals were technically more superior to iron engineering during the Industrial Revolution because they
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preview essay on Cultural Context: The History and theory of Architecture
  • Pages: 8 (2000 words)
  • Document Type: Essay
  • Subject: Unsorted
  • Level: Undergraduate
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