The fourth characteristic of culture is beliefs and ideologies. Beliefs refer to what members of a given culture hold to be true. Ideologies on the other hand refer to a set of beliefs and assumptions that are connected by a common theme. Social institutions or systems associate themselves with ideologies and they serve to make those institutions legitimate. The above two vary within cultures and serve to differentiate them. Te fifth characteristic of culture is the attitude towards time. Time orientation is something that is different in different early, o time or late is a factor in many cultures.
There are cultures where schedules and appointments are very important while for others the current activity is very important to them than future events. The western cultures stress on punctuality; lteness to them is a sign of disrespect while African cultures, pople are not as concerned about time. Suth America is a continent bordered on the west by the Pacific Ocean, o the north by the Caribbean Sea and North America and to the East by the Atlantic has twelve countries namely Argentina, Blivia, Clombia, Cile, Euador Brazil, Gyana, Praguay, Pru, Uuguay, Vnezuela and Suriname.
South America’s physical geography falls in three main categories: te Andes, te Eastern Highlands and the Lowlands. Te Andes are the most Prominent feature in South America. They are high with the highest peak in Chile reaching nearly twenty three thousand feet. Te Andes have three sections, te western slopes that are mainly dry, te eastern slopes that have full and longer rivers and the altiplano that has settlements. The eastern on other hand consists of three parts: te Brazilian Highlands, Giana Highlands and the Patagonian Plateau.
The latter is semi-arid. The low lands are composed of the grassy flood plain called the llanos, te rain forest and grass amazon basin, te dry Gran Chaco and the productive agricultural region: te pampas (Urban Schools). Mst of the South American countries are either in the shadow or on the mountains and therefore the urban terrain is hilly with a few flat areas. The road network is poor except for counties Chile and Some of the key infrastructure includes the Panama Canal that joins that pacific and the Atlantic Ocean and acts as a key feature in international shipping.
The railway system is underdeveloped. ..
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