New Zealand contains two chief islands; North plus South, and other smaller islands including Stewart, Chatham, and Waiheke Islands. The country is 900 miles long along its North-North-East orientation, and 250 miles at its widest position. It is bordered by over 9000 miles of coastline, and a large area containing the country’s maritime resources (Dredge 2006).The islands are on the boundary between the Pacific plate and the Indo-Australian Plate, which is in the pacific ‘ring of fire’. This has the greatest influence on topography of New Zealand. The country is mountainous with a high level of volcanism which results in unique scenery. The New Zealand Territory lies between latitudes 29ᴼ south and 53ᴼ south, and has sharply varied climate across its regions. Some areas in the north of the South island receive as much as 2500 hours of precious sunshine (Hall 2008).New Zealand has a rich natural heritage. It has green countryside and unique flora and fauna. This is a statistical truth as illustrated by the fact that 82 per cent of higher plant species are endemic. Further, over 40 per cent of fungi species are also endemic. There are also a wide variety of birds and reptiles, some of which are unique to this beautiful country. Some flora and fauna are facing extinction while others, such as marine mammals and penguins, are abundant. The country, therefore, has a protection programme with over 30 per cent of the land marked as protected areas. To cap it all, the country has a rich cultural history (Dredge 2006).The description of New Zealand indicates that the country has a lot to present due to the country’s status of being a tourist target. Conversely, the state is very remote. It, therefore, has to target a niche market for its tourism industry to thrive. New Zealand has 14 national parks, a rich Maori culture, stunning landscapes, beautiful scenery, and water activities. A holiday in New Zealand provides a chance to encounter volcanic landscape, enjoy the best ski fields, encounter unique wildlife, and explore valleys (Hall 2008).New Zealand is a member of the commonwealth. It has a central government and regional and local councils which have potentially crucial tasks to work on in tourism planning plus management. The directives of these councils cover cross-boundary issues, management of impact, and the provision of infrastructure. Several central government organizations possess indirect roles in
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