As humans establish their identity to themselves and to others, tey also gain an understanding of who they are. Self-concept was traditionally based on self-evaluation which was also understood as self-esteem. To expand this perspective, oher experts like Rosenberg (1979) pointed out that self-concepts were not based on self-esteem alone because self-esteem was based on the total of thoughts, felings, ad imaginations. Further expansions of this perspective established that self-concept was supported by cognitive, a well as affective components (Franks and Marolla, 1976). In effect, slf-concept is formulated by meanings individuals believe about themselves; i is founded on our personal observations of ourselves, hw we interpret our actions, acording to how other individuals act towards us (Stets and Burke, 2002).
Based on this analysis, i is prudent therefore to note that people’s sense of self and identity is influenced by self-perception, a well as by other people’s behaviour towards us. As social beings, te people with whom interactions are carried out comprise a significant part of an individual’s formulation of their identity. Slf-identity can be formulated as a of self-relevant attitudes, bliefs, a well as future goals which eventually lead to an overall concept of self (Waterman, 1985).
This identity also provides individuals with perceptions which are in line with one’s views of self and the continuity of that self. Erik Erikson identified that in the fifth stage of a person’s development, te challenge to be faced is that of identity versus confusion, ad this stage is set within the adolescent stage (Dumas, 2011). The central psychological dilemma for adolescents is on finding and establishing their identity, to “arrive at a well-examined, clturally acceptable set of values, gals, ad beliefs about oneself and one’s life that serves to guide future adult decision-making influence how one views oneself in the context of salient life domains” (Dumas, 2011, p This identity is based on an ideal conceptualization of self, oe which is founded on various elements, icluding one’s peer group.
Slf-identity is most often based on the ideological and the interpersonal domain, ad where the ideological domain is concerned about a person’s career, plitics, o occupation, hs domain is concerned more about his family, hs...
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