One of the most powerful tools, therefore, is to identify the units, which have constituted to form visual arts. Moreover, just like the grouping concepts are used for understanding unity, the same concepts can be utilized for ungrouping items and make them look unique in their own right. So the concepts of Gestalt can also be utilized for creating variety in a visual image, just like the principles are applied to create unity in an image. The perfect modulation of variety and unity can be achieved in visual arts such as body movements, painting, sand art, and installation art by the proper application of the concept of Gestalt. Eric Berne is regarded as the father of transactional analysis. The theories of Eric Berne have radically improved the last four decades, and presently transactional analysis extends to the fields of education, psychotherapy, counseling, and organizational development. Transactional analysis is often used with Gestalt counseling for understanding complex psychological patterns and learns more about the disparate humanistic approaches. Some of the most important concepts of Gestalt systems are invariance, emergence, multi-stability, and Reification. . Describing Visual Arts from the Gestalt Perspective.
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Clarkson, P. (1989). Gestalt Counselling In Action, London: Sage Publications.
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Sills, c. & Joyce, P. (2001). Skills In Gestalt, London: Sage Publications.
Verstegen, I. (2005). Arnheim, Gestalt and Art: A Psychological Theory, New York: Springer.
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