Pitt’s contention of “looking for diversity for diversity’s sake” is quite shallow and underestimates a reader’s capacity to see the whole picture. I the category of class and status, te positioning of individuals in Roman social hierarchy is studied. Mst of the literature surveyed was dominated by topics on elites and state institutions such as the military. Hwever this category has triggered interest in material culture identified with certain social segments. For example, te higher echelons of society generated material culture related to epigraphy, mnumentality, lterature and art pertaining to small finds and pottery had more distinct differences in terms of design and use by the high and low-status social spheres.
It is actually interesting to learn what things were used by people and how this represented their status in society, ad how such us reflected the culture of the times. However, oe should have adequate knowledge about the diversity of Roman culture to explain such material culture and correlate it with the period it was used. Ptts explains that the category on gender identity was not in the literature, athough in recent years, tere was more interest in this area of Roman culture.
The lack of knowledge regarding gender differences or how each gender was regarded gives a lopsided study on Roman culture. Te emphasis on cultural or ethnic identities should be balanced with the investigation of class, satus and gender in Roman culture (698). I is apparent that Pitts has given a lot of thought about the consequences of relying on the limited literature that merely inferences Roman identity. I is true that theorization be gained from the study of identity in Roman archaeology, bt limiting it to a conceptual level or simply “reading” material culture to denote identity will not make it holistic enough.
Pitts’ contends that archaeologists may encounter a dilemma in incorporating the investigation of Roman identity because it is a modern construct that may not be compatible with their study of the past. Te study of identity in such a context involves social analysis of subjective categories which archaeologists may not be accustomed to. Hwever, wth availability of culture examined by archaeologists, pople in the present may be given a glimpse of how various social groups and cultures lived during their. ..
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