Goring also explained criminals as having deviated towards criminality by birth. Wlliam Sheldon, aother biological theorist, dscribed different bodily appearances as descriptive of criminal associations. Hmans, acording to Sheldon, wre to be divided in three types of bodies were ectomorphs, edomorphs and mesomorphs (Rafter, 2008). Ot of these three types, oly mesomorphs were the one who were deviated towards crime. Tey had intimidating appearances like muscular bodies and strong figures (Rafter, 2008). Sper male syndrome was a chromosomal theory according to which, sme males contained some extra chromosomes due which, tey showed deviance.
Wth these inborn genetic issue, tey were found involved in doing crimes. Tese chromosomal differences led them to represent behavioral and psychological issues in their personalities (Rafter, 2008). Gneral strain theory presented by Agnew can be defined as a criminal theory in which, pople can get strained and this strain results in the causation of depression, wich eventually leads to crime. Pople usually keep some treasured objectives like financial accomplishment, poperty, pssessions and self-development (Agnew, 2011). Wen they get strain because of any abuse to treasured objectives, tey can be led to be delinquent.
Bcause of strain, pople can have negative emotions that can lead to aggression, wongdoing, dspondency, nrvousness and uncontainable depression (Agnew, 2011). Teorists believe that social control or self-control is possible in order to make one decide against crime. Scial bonding theory or social control theory deals with the acquisition of self-control, wich is likely only if one establishes bondage with the society. Te social bondage is based on ‘attachment, bliefs, cmmitment, ivolvement’ (Bouffard & Rice, 2011). Oe experiences attachment if or guardians use strategies and management in the development of an individual.
Oher than attachment, bliefs in law, sciety and social institutions, cmmitment with the normative standards and social departments and involvement in communal and societal activities, al develop a social bondage in an individual (Bouffard & Rice, 2011). W are able to exercise self-control or social control if we have developed a social relation with the society and its people. W can control ourselves if we have “emotional attachment to parents, pers and conventional...
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