To various individuals in the society may be viewed by the pubic as having a unique character compared to a male counterpart who has committed the same.An effective criminal justice system involves the cooperation between the government agencies and other actors like the community to ensure that the members of a given society are protected from criminal activities. Such a system ensures that justice is practiced in handling the criminals and the victims of the crimes. The criminal justice agencies promote social development in the society by alleviating criminal activities and subjecting the lawbreakers to the appropriate penalties. Different reasons could lead to one committing a criminal offense. This could be seen in the kinds of crimes and the frequency with which an individual commits the same crime. Irrespective of these varied factors, it is desirable that the agencies transform the individuals back to responsible members of the society. The criminal laws provide for rehabilitation of the criminals and preventing the subsequent and successive crimes. The laws advocate for proportional punishment to the criminals that can transform them into respectable members of the society. Besides, the crime suspects should not be harassed in the process of criminal investigation and in prosecution as this may lead to a forced submission to the law order. The criminal laws prevent the criminal justice agencies to abuse the criminals and suspects of criminal offenses.There are literatures that focus on what works in relation to the correctional treatment provided to the offenders of different gender. Some literatures pointed out that females have special needs different from the needs of the males. These include pregnancy, childcare, and their vulnerability to sexual abuse (Dowden & Andrews, 1999, p. This would suggest that a differential approach be applied in handling female offenders as compared to the male offenders. However, much of the correctional treatment literatures come to a consensus that the needs of both gender are not significantly different and that the correctional treatment should be uniform. With some level of doubts, the literatures suggest, “the principles of effective correctional treatment (i. risk, need, and responsivity) may apply regardless of the gender of the treatment population” (Dowden & Andrews, 1999, p.The risk principle requires that the offenders receive the correctional treatments that are proportional to
Dowden, C. and Andrews, A. (1999). What Works for Female Offenders:
A Meta-Analytic Review. Crime & Delinquency, 45(4); 438-452. Retrieved from http://psy2.ucsd.edu/~hflowe/FemaleRehabMeta.pdf.
Lart, R. et al. (2008). Interventions aimed at reducing re-offending in female offenders: a rapid evidence assessment (REA). Ministry of Justice Research Series 8/08. Retrieved from http://www.justice.gov.uk/publications/docs/intervention-reduce-female-reoffending.pdf.
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