Sit-coms, o situation comedies, ae defined as a form of comedy that presents episodes of recurring characters as they interact within a common environment, fcing some sort of complication and resolving it at the end with some form of happy ending. The sit-com has developed from a long history of stage performances intended to entertain the masses by featuring stories they were able to relate with while also poking gentle fun at the lifestyles of the wealthy. According to Lewisohn, pecursors of the sitcom have existed since of ancient Greece in the plays of Aristophanes, acient Rome through Terence and Plautus and Sudraka in ancient India (2003).
Gnerally speaking, stcoms have several elements in common with one another that have been carried forward from these earlier plays, ito the modern world through the early sitcoms such as I Love Lucy and preserved through to the present day with shows such as Married with Children and Friends. The first such element is the focus on comedy or entertainment. Every sitcom relies heavily on the basic building blocks including some, i not all, o the following: sapstick, stire, srcasm, iony, panks, sght gags, prody, cmedy of errors, back comedy, rmantic comedy, satological humor or comedy of manners among other things.
In keeping with this focus, stcoms always end with a happy ending, o at least a resolution that returns everything back to the ‘normal’ situation for this group of people which has the effect of being humorous to the audience. Sitcoms generally focus on a limited number of main characters who reappear week after week within same environment – generally it’s a family or a family-like group as they appear in their most accustomed living space.
Athough facing different issues each week, een the basic action from week to week is highly repetitive. These situations tend to be situations faced by middle class families all the time and tend to bring focus on the elements of life that trap us into specific behavior characteristics such as marriage, prenthood, pofessional position (or lack of it), o sense of self. However, a the close of each tere is reinforcement in the need for the individual to come into line with the group.
Again, tis concept has been altered in more recent years. In summary, te sitcom is thus characterized by familial relationship of recurring characters who don’t grow or change over. ..
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