“Something grander”, Peck & Coyle view, “than the novel’s familiar concern with social issues is involved in the romance, because it suggest a search for some truth beyond that which we might encounter in ordinary experience.” (1989, p 118) Romance is especially attributed to English and American literatures, from where it has successfully completed its long excursion in a systematic and persistent way. “A romantic novel”, Wikipaedia Encyclopaedia states, “is a literary genre developed in Western culture, the primary focus of which is on romantic relationship between two individuals that must have an optimistic and happy ending.” (Romance Novel: quoted in Wikipaedia Encyclopaedia). The term romantic has also been derived from the word romance which was the name given to a specific type of literature that flourished in the Middle Ages. Adventures, often of a spiritual order, were its staple. They were most often the adventures of a hero or a medieval knight. In romance, it was grotesqueness rather than symmetry or order that was most striking. A medieval romance is full of wonderful and supernatural incidents heaped on one another without proportion. It has nothing of the artistic form of a classical epic that existed in the works of Homer and Virgil. “Romance has”, Lye submits, “a very long and complex history. It was once the place of knights, dragons, quests, magic, spells, wizards, heroic deeds; it dramatized serious moral and political issues through its allegorizing powers, psychological and theological complexities through its symbolism, and it entertained.Every literary genre contains popular conventions and traditions, which not only shape the works, but also are imperative in forming and developing the same. This is also the case with romantic novel. Though romance existed in Greek mythology too on the one hand and in medieval and renaissance literature on the other, and it was applied in poetry and drama, yet history of romantic novel is the matter of nearly two and half centuries. “The medieval emissaries of the Catholic Church brought to Great Britain a Continental literary system based on Greek and Latin Classics. Such native legends as those of King Arthur, Guy of Warwick, Robin Hood, the blue Hag of Leicester and King Lear were considered suitable for the masses and writers to imitate and produce new romantic
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