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Cortes's Conquest of Central Mexico

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During his stay here, Cortés learned that the Aztecs under the rule of their powerful leader Montezuma II were a powerful primary force in Mexico. Due to his high level of Education, he knew he had to find support from within on order to conquer this powerful group. After an extensive research that took six months, he discovered the Tlaxcala’s who were a native group and great enemies of the Aztecs (Schwartz and Stuart B , 2000 , pg 41).The group became an important target during his raid of the Tenochtitlan (the capital city of Aztec) . Coincidentally, the arrival of Cortés to this city matched a long awaited prophesy. The Aztec god (Quetzalcoatl) was set to return whom they believed he had created humans and other notable feasts. Cortés was highly organized in war and he spent many days organizing his gang before moving to the city. Schwartz and Stuart B, (2000, p. 77) describes how Cortés organized his army.“Before entering the city, on November 8, 1519 Cortés and his troops prepared themselves for battle, armoring themselves and their horses, and arranging them in proper military rank. Four horsemen were at the lead of the procession. Behind these horsemen were five more contingents: foot soldiers with iron swords and wooden or leather shields; horsemen in cuirasses, armed with iron lances, swords, and wooden shields; crossbowmen; more horsemen; soldiers armed with arquebuses; lastly, native peoples from Tlaxcalan, Tliliuhquitepec, and Huexotzinco. The indigenous soldiers wore cotton armor and were armed with shields and crossbows; many carried provisions in baskets or bundles while others escorted the cannons on wooden carts.Montezuma welcomed the party with great honour and sent out envoys to meet him. However, the Spaniards skin color and the sight of men on horsebacks surprised the Aztecs community. The locals describe him as a beast with two heads and six legs (Schwartz and Stuart B, 2000, pg 55). Cortés utilized this un-prepared moment and with his technology of guns, he fired shots, which intimidated and astonished the natives. Cortés took their leader to hostage while the Spanish soldiers continued to take over the city. With the help of the Dona, the interpreter, Cortés controlled Montezuma to rule the city in His way.While Cortés continued to rule the Tenochtitlan through their leader, a Spanish force sent by Diego Velasquez from Cuba came into the Mexican coast to. Their
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preview essay on Cortes's Conquest of Central Mexico
  • Pages: 4 (1000 words)
  • Document Type: Essay
  • Subject: History
  • Level: Masters
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