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Corporate Social Responsibility Essay Example

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Corporate Social Responsibility

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Corporate Social Responsibility. The concept of CSR is also referred as a social obligation of companies (Dahlsrud, 2008). Marrewijk (2003) illustrates that the CSR is the intersection of different disciplines, perspectives, and the ideological position of society, therefore, it is not possible to propose a biased definition. Seth (1975) defines CSR as ‘Social Responsibility implies bring corporate behavior up to a level where it is congruent with the prevailing social norms, values, and expectation of performance’. Fedrick (1960) argues that a business cannot address influences on social norms and expected performance. Kotler and Lee (2005) state, ‘Corporate Social Responsibility is a commitment to improving community well-being through discretionary business practices and contributions of corporate resources’.

Russell (2010) illustrates that the CSR by segmenting businesses and society, stating that the CSR ‘are more practical, localized and more often focused on sustainability.’CSR is a wide field, and a number of theories have been applied in the field. According to the study of Klonoski (1991) divides CSR theories among three different categories, that is, the first group, Fundamentalism, encompassing of all the theories stating that corporations have no social responsibilities or have a very limited one. The second is Moral Personhood and Moral Agency; it states that the organization is ethically responsible for their action. The third is the Social Institutions that have been extensively debated throughout the times, it states ‘corporation’ as a social institution and therefore, the corporation has social responsibilities. Garriga and Mele (2004) categorize CSR theories on the basis of social reality that is 1) Instrumental Theories: Corporation is the wealth creation elements in the society and the social activities are only accepted with the continuous creation of wealth (shareholder value approach) 2) Political Theories: Under the power the political arena corporations accept duties and rights to participate in the social activities. . Corporate Social Responsibility.

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