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Continental Philosophy Essay Example

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Continental Philosophy

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Existentialism began in the first half of 19th century with Kierkegaard, who was concerned with the individual’s subjective experience to religious faith, and criticized Hegel’s approach of analyzing the existence of individuals in an abstract and impersonal way. The school of existentialism gained prominence with Edmund Husserl, Martin Heidegger, Jean Paul Sartre, and Albert Camus. Camus believed that life was essentially absurd and that the modern world is full of injustice.Analytic philosophy played an important role in the English speaking academic world since the beginning of 20th century. With Kantian philosophy a division occurred between philosophies practiced in European and Anglo-America. Hegel introduced an Idealist direction to Continental philosophy, which took an Existentialist turn through Nietzsche and Heidegger, before entering a phase of uncertainties with post-structuralism. Bertrand Russell and G.E Moore rebelled against British idealism. Influential Analytic thinkers of the period include Wilfred Sellars, Richard Rotry, Robert Random, John McDowell and Pirmin Stekeler-Weithofer. Analytic philosophy got fillip through German philosopher Gottlob Frege (1848-1925) with his book “Begriffsschrift” published in 1879. Frege introduced a rigorous logic with a combination of philosophy of mathematics, logic, and language. Another turn in philosophical expression in learning emerged with British philosopher Bertrand Russell (1872-1970) who combined Frege’s logical insight with David Hume’s empiricism. Russell began his philosophical career as an Idealist, converted to empiricism by G.E Moore, and to follower of mathematical logic with the influence of A.A change in direction initiated by Wittgenstein and propagated by Gilbert Ryle (1900-76), to mitigate traditional problems of philosophy, through careful study of language, paved the way to the development of ‘Linguistic philosophy. Wittgenstein transmitted the picture theory of meaning, and argued that sentences must reflect reality in the same way as a picture does. “Through analysis a true statement would be shown to consist in elementary particles which pictured the world and logical constants such as ‘if’, ‘not’, ‘and’ and ‘or’. A sentence, which did not picture the world, was devoid of meaning.” Vienna circle, active from mid 1920s, played a major role in the continental philosophy, with scientists like Moritz Schlick (1982-1936), Rudolph Carnap

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Reference

Stern, Robert. Hegel’s idealism. Retrieved November 13, 2007, from http://www.shef.ac.uk/content/1/c6/03/49/21/H_Idealism_final.pdf

Rockmore, Tom. (2005). Hegel, Idealism, and Analytic philosophy. Yale University press, New Haven. Retrieved November 13, 2007, from http://yalepress.yale.edu/yupbooks/excerpts/rockmore_hegel.pdf

Rorty, Richard. (1980). Philosophy and the mirror of nature. Analytical philosophy. Retrieved November 13, 2007, from http://www.philosopher.org.uk/index.htm

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preview essay on Continental Philosophy
  • Pages: 4 (1000 words)
  • Document Type: Essay
  • Subject: Unsorted
  • Level: Undergraduate
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