All the factors which play a significant role in the dynamics of the Saudi-US relation, religion plays a decisive role in the decision-making of KSA. Being the land which holds the honor of being the home country of the Holy places of Islam, KSA has a huge responsibility of maintaining an upright and independent position in the Muslim world. Therefore, excessive reliance on the United States for its security concerns inevitably makes the role of Saudi Arabia in the relations with other Muslim countries, highly dubious. On top of concerns is the fact that from the very inception of Israel, USA has extended complete support to Israel which has made KSA highly suspicious of the US role in the Muslim world.
Today the situation is further complicated due to the continued presence of US and British air forces since the Gulf War, within Saudi territory. The position of Saudi Arabia in case of air attacks on Iraq or Afghanistan from the Saudi soil becomes very sensitive. Yet, despite all these and many more complications in the Saudi-US relations, bilateral cooperation continues, because of the basic reason that US has an increased dependence on oil imports in order to meet its energy needs while the lingering threat to the Saudi dynasty from Iraq and Iran leave KSA in an ever dire need for security assistance from the US.
Even though the United States had extended recognition to the state of Saudi Arabia as early as 1931, but no significant contact existed between the two countries at an official level as such. One reason for this indifference towards the of Saudi Arabia was the fact that the US did not, until then, seek to extend its sphere of influence in the Middle Eastern or Arab region, since it was primarily under the influence of the British.
The Saudi rulers however, wished to put a check to the British hold in the regions and the United States of America was the ideal country for the achievement of this objective. A significant development in the Saudi-US relations was the invitation of Charles R. Crane (former ambassador and a philanthropist) by then King Abd al-Aziz, in order to seek help in the exploration of resources.
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