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The Scanlon Plan for Organization Development Essay Example

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The Scanlon Plan for Organization Development

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The Scanlon Plan for Organization Development. The information flow and the patterns of communication in an innovation system are dependent on the information needs of the system (Katz & Tushman, 1979). Moreover, cooperative group conditions resulted in greater exchange of information and ideas leading to higher innovation quality as compared to competitive group conditions (Tjosvold & McNeely, 2988).It can be seen that there are sufficient research in all the factors, but most of the research just takes one factor at a time. It is necessary to incorporate all the factors in a model and then identify the appropriate relation amongst factors and involvement in the innovation system. This leads to the formulation of the following research questionsEquity Theory: This can be measured as the difference in between two variables, the degree to which the employees are benefited when organization commitments to the employees are met and the degree to which the employees should be benefited when organization commitment is met?

Group Communications: This can be measured as the extent employees use group meetings; committee meetings; meetings with other departments and meetings with the boss in meeting company’s commitments to its customers, owners, and employees.The researcher will make use of longitudinal study and the various factors will be analyzed over a period of time. As a result of this, it is necessary to measure the effect of a variable’s autoregressive and moving average history on itself.This research model assumes that everybody in the organization takes part in the innovation process. This makes it necessary that the organizations that are researched have a sound system of participative management. One such system is the Scanlon system which focuses on productivity improvement through the generation of innovations to solve organizational problems (Monge and Cozzens, 1986).Other than this, the use of time-series technique has some issues relating to it. It assumes that the variables are measured at many points in time. This results in focus on the variation across time and not variation across individuals. This may limit the general application of the findings to cases where individual innovation is to be measured.Moreover, it should be noted that the formulation of the theory in the research is made by cross-sectional studies of organizational innovation, yet is it necessary to. The Scanlon Plan for Organization Development.

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References

AJzen, I. and M. Fishbein (1980), Understanding Attiludes and Predicting Social Behavior Englewood Cliffs NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Experiment-Resources, 2009. RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS. [Online]. Last updated on 13th July, 2009. Available at: http://www.experiment-resources.com/research-hypothesis.html. [Accessed on 16th September 2009].

Frost, C.H., J. H. Wakeley and R. A. Ruh (1974). The Scanlon Plan for Organization Development: Identity,Participation, and Equity. East Lansing, MI: Michigan State University Press.

Katz, R and M. Tushman (1979). "Communication Patterns. Project Performance, and Task Characteristics: An Empirical Evaluation and Integration in an R & D Setting," Organizational Behavior and Human Performance. 23, 139-162.

MindTools, 2009. Adams Equity Theory. [Online]. Last updated on 5th August, 2009. Available at: http://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/newLDR_96.htm. [Accessed on 15th September, 2009].

Monge, P.R. and M. D. Cozzens (1986). "Innovation through Participatory Management: The Case for the Scanlon Process." In D. O. Gray, T. Solomon, and W. Hetzner (Eds.). Technological Innovation: Strategies for a New Partnership. North-Holland: Elsevier. 319-329.

Robbins, S.P. & Judge, T.A. 2007. Organizational Behavior, 12th ed. New Jersey: Prentice Hall Inc.

Tjosvold, D. and L. T. McNeely (1988), "Innovation through Communication in an Educational Bureaucracy," Communication Research, 15, 568-581.

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