Animals and plants are made up of long protein and polysaccharide chains and the ribosomes are the ones that are responsible for the joining of the proteins from the amino acids. It is important to note that the ribosomes get the information they use from the DNA contained in the cell’ s nucleus and then decode the information to produce the proteins needed. Both cells contain a prominent nucleus. The nucleus is the coordinating organelle that controls all the other activities that take place in the cell. Most importantly, the contains the genetic material stored in the chromosomes in form of genes that dictate the characteristics of the organism.
The genetic material is coded in double helix chains that are very long and contain all the traits that are possessed by an organism. The DNA is coded to respective RNA molecules which travel from inside the nucleus and into the cell cytoplasm where the decoding is done by the ribosomes. On top of that, the nucleus is important in conducting activities such as cell division which is responsible for which is one of the paramount characteristics of living things.
Growth involves the division of the cell multiply to increase the number and yield the final organism. This process is initiated by the nucleus by the triggering by growth hormones produced at various intervals during the organisms’ growth period. Other similarities between the two include the possession of flagella though it is not present in all cells. Presence of microtubules. Presence of Golgi bodies which are important in packaging and transport of glycoproteins and conjugated substances and presence of the reticulum responsible for lipid and protein synthesis.
Through adaptation to the different conditions that the cells are subjected to, a number of differences are observed between the two cells. These differences are generated in cell speciation. First, a plant cell contains a cell wall on top of the cell membrane.
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