There are some distinctive goals that characterize the participatory design. One of the goals of this methodology is to ensure there is maximum participation of stakeholders. People from different areas of specialization are to be involved in research is to be done using this kind of approach. The broad base of expertise is used so that the quality of the human-centered technology that is to be recommended be of high quality (Blomberg & Henderson, 1990). The other goal of this type of methodology is to come up with prototyping ideas aimed at solving a problem in the society.
It is at this point that designers and users join ideas so that they can come up with technological tools that match the workplace of the tools (Lindsay, Jackson, & Schofield, 2012). Under this approach, if a human-centered technology is to be developed, there are three stages that must be followed. Step one is the initial exploration of work. At this level, the designers of the intended technology to meet with the users. They take this opportunity to analyze the working that the innovation will be introduced into.
Step two is the discovery process where the users and designers get to discuss the values expected for their work areas and the goals that the project can have. The final stage is prototyping where the tools to be introduced are tailored to match the work environment that exists. All these steps are followed with an aim of coming up with a human-centered technology. It is also important to note that the participatory approach concentrates on ethnographic methods. Indirectly this means that is more inclined towards being qualitative research since ethnography is usually qualitative (Lindsay, Jackson, & Schofield, 2012). It is a participative research methodology that combines action and research.
It is an approach to an American and English origin in the 1940s. In the United States, the father of action research is believed to be a psychologist called Kurt Lewin.
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