Under this approach, if a human-centered technology is to be developed, there are three stages that must be followed. Step one is the initial exploration of work. At this level, the designers of the intended technology to meet with the users. They take this opportunity to analyze the working environment that the innovation will be introduced into. Step two is the discovery process where the users and designers get to discuss the values expected for their work areas and the goals that the project can have. The final stage is prototyping where the tools to be introduced are tailored to match the work environment that exists. All these steps are followed with an aim of coming up with a human-centered technology. It is also important to note that the participatory approach concentrates on ethnographic methods. Indirectly this means that it is more inclined towards being qualitative research since ethnography is usually qualitative (Lindsay, Jackson, & Schofield, 2012).
It is a participative research methodology that combines action and research. It is an approach to an American and English origin in the 1940s. In the United States, the father of action research is believed to be a psychologist called Kurt Lewin. Differences of the Participatory Design and Action Research.
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